Moments in Black history from the year you were born | WJMN

(Stacker) Black History Month is dedicated to celebrating the achievements and reflecting on the experiences of African Americans. What began as a week in 1926 has blossomed into 28 days of remembrance and lessons on the contributions of Black Americans.

Many Black Americans come from a lineage of captured and enslaved people who were forcibly brought to the U.S. to build the culture and infrastructure of a place in which they never asked to live. Forced immigration and centuries of cultural genocide have driven Black Americans to literally and figuratively rebuild a culture from the ground up. In the face of historical oppression and inequality—slavery, Jim Crow laws, and the police violence that ignited the #BlackLivesMatter movement—African Americans have continuously fought for their rights, reaching countless milestones, achievements, and freedoms in doing so. While being forced to exist largely on the fringes of society, Black Americans nevertheless have made many significant contributions to the arts, education, politics, technology, and numerous other fields.

The 1930s saw history from Olympic track and field star Jesse Owens and the eventual breakout moment of author-activist Zora Neale Hurston; in the ’50s, the first Civil Rights Act since 1875 was signed into law; and five decades later, in 2008, Americans elected the first Black president.

But in the theme of education—part of the function of this month for much of the country—you’ll learn of other, less-discussed moments and perhaps some unfamiliar faces in Black history: the desegregation of the armed forces in the ’40s, the first Black Miss America in the ’80s, and the 1995 Million Man March in Washington D.C., are a few remarkable moments.

Peruse Stacker’s list to learn more about some of the significant achievements and moments in Black history, from 1919 to 2021.

1919: Oscar Micheaux produces ‘The Homesteader’

Regarded as the first African American feature filmmaker, Oscar Micheaux produced the film version of his book “The Conquest” under the name “The Homesteader.” This silent film featured an all-Black cast and touched on the issues of race relations during that era.

Brian Stukes // Getty Images

1920: Zeta Phi Beta is established at Howard University

This historical, Greek-lettered sorority was created by five women Howard University students. Their vision was to effect positive change and raise cultural awareness within their community while promoting high educational standards. The sorority is still around today and remains based out of its Washington D.C. headquarters the sorority purchased in 1959.

1921: ‘Shuffle Along’ becomes the first major African American musical on Broadway

When “Shuffle Along” debuted on May 23, 1921, almost a decade had passed since an all-Black musical of any kind had graced a Broadway stage. The vaudeville-style play about a mayoral race launched the careers of Josephine Baker and Paul Robeson and is widely regarded as one of the first Black musicals to cross over to mainstream white audiences. As such, the musical’s success signaled a change and dismantling of sorts of racial segregation in the Broadway theater world.

1922: Abolitionist Frederick Douglass’ home becomes a national museum

In 1922, Cedar Hill, Douglass’ home until his 1895 death, became a certified historical site. Among the preserved sites visitors can see during a visit is his “growlery,” or man cave. Douglass would retreat to this private room with a stove, desk, and a bed whenever he wanted privacy to work on his writing.

1923: Jean Toomer’s ‘Cane’ is published

This series of vignettes explore the African American experience in the United States. Alternating in structure between prose, poetry, and script-like writing, most passages in the book are freestanding, though some characters are reoccurring. “Cane” sold under 1,000 copies upon its release but went on to become an important relic of Harlem Renaissance literature.

1924: National Bar Association is founded

The National Bar Association was founded out of two movements—the Greenville Movement and the Convention of the Iowa Colored Bar Association—after a number of Black lawyers were denied membership to the American Bar Association. Today, the association has more than 84 chapters and represents more than 60,000 law professionals.

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1925: A. Philip Randolph and Milton P. Webster create the BSCP

Organized by African American employees of the Pullman Company, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP) was the first labor union by and for Black employees. A first of its kind, BSCP is largely considered significant in both the labor and civil rights movements.

[Pictured: Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters display their banner at a 1955 ceremony celebrating the organization’s 30th anniversary. Asa Philip Randolph (1889-1979), Union president, seen wearing black and white shoes, holds up Brotherhood flag.]

1926: Negro History Week is formed

The precursor to Black History Month was the brainchild of historian Carter G. Woodson in collaboration with the Association for the Study of African American Life and History. Corresponding with the birthdays of Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln, the week was initially erected to give Black Americans a sense of pride in their own history and has since been expanded to a whole month.

1927: Floyd Joseph Calvin hosts first Black radio show

“Courier Hour” was the first radio talk show that highlighted African American issues for its Black audience. His work inspired countless podcasts today that exist with the same mission of highlighting Black voices and issues.

1928: First African American elected to Congress

Oscar Stanton De Priest began his career in politics in 1915 with a stint on the Chicago City Council. More than a decade later, he made history when he was tapped as the Republican candidate for a seat in the House of Representatives representing the state of Illinois.

1929: Negro Experimental Theatre is established

The Negro Experimental Theatre (aka the Harlem Experimental Theatre) was the project of librarian and playwright Regina M. Anderson. The early theater company produced one-act plays and was one of the early companies to influence and encourage the arts in Black communities.

1930: Howard University Gallery of Art is established

Artist James V. Herring organized Howard University’s student gallery, a first of its kind. Howard University Gallery of Art was the first gallery on a Black campus, and the only gallery controlled entirely by African Americans.

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1931: Scottsboro boys are falsely convicted

In March 1931, nine African American teenagers were falsely accused of rape while aboard a train in Alabama. Eight of the nine were convicted and sentenced to death. The cases were eventually appealed in the United States Supreme Court, raising questions about unfair court proceedings for Black defendants, like being judged by an all-white jury. Over the course of subsequent retrials (and reconvictions), the boys in total served in excess of 100 years in prison. Ultimately, it was revealed the boys had been illegally hopping trains in search of work and, while detained for a minor charge, deputies convinced two white women to accuse the boys of rape. One of the women, Ruby Bates, recanted her story and became an advocate for freeing the Scottsboro boys.

[Pictured: The young Black men accused in the Scottsboro rape case under the protection of National Guard on March 20, 1931, in Scottsboro, Alabama.]

1932: ‘Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male’ begins

The U.S. Public Health Service, in conjunction with the Tuskegee Institute, began studying the natural occurrences of syphilis in the human body on unassuming and ill-informed Black male participants. The experiment involved more than 600 men, many of whom were not informed of their infection. They were also not given adequate or correct treatment for the disease. The study ended at the hands of a whistleblower in 1972; President Bill Clinton issued a formal apology in 1997.

1933: Dr. Carter G. Woodson’s ‘The Mis-Education of the Negro’ is published

“When you control a man’s thinking you do not have to worry about his actions,” says Dr. Carter G. Woodson in his groundbreaking book, “The Mis-Education of the Negro.” Woodson asserted that Blacks were essentially being mentally controlled by the public school system. In 1998, singer and rapper Lauryn Hill would make reference to the book with her debut album, “The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill.” In addition to launching Negro History Week and penning “The Mis-Education of the Negro,” Woodson was an accomplished author, journalist, American historian, and founder of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History.

1934: Maggie Lena Walker dies

Maggie Lena Walker grew up helping her mother, a former slave, with her laundry business. This early exposure to entrepreneurship made an impression; in 1903, Walker became the first African American woman to be president of a bank when she founded St. Luke Penny Savings Bank. In 1930, the bank became the Consolidated Bank and Trust Company, with Walker staying on as chairman. The bank continued on as a Black-owned institution following Walker’s death and was sold in 2005.

1935: National Council of Negro Women is created

The National Council of Negro Women, founded by Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune, continues to be influential in advocating on the behalf of African American women in the United States. Bethune was a champion of higher education: The school she founded, Bethune-Cookman University, became a four-year college in 1941.

Library of Congress

1936: Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at the Berlin Games

At the 1936 Berlin Games, track and field star Jesse Owens broke and equaled nine Olympic records, setting three world records. In so doing, Owens additionally thwarted Adolf Hitler’s theory of white superiority.

1937: ‘Their Eyes Were Watching God’ is published

Zora Neale Hurston’s Black feminist classic, “Their Eyes Were Watching God,” tells the story of Janie Crawford and her personal changes over the course of her three marriages. Dismissed by many upon its release (and out of print for nearly 30 years), Hurston’s novel has become a crowning achievement about Black womanhood and the discovery of love.

1938: Artist Jacob Lawrence shows his first exhibition

Painter Jacob Lawrence’s brand of modernism depicted the various aspects of life in Harlem. His first solo exhibit was shown in February 1938 at the Harlem YMCA on 135th Street. A few years later, when he was just 24, Lawrence became one of the first Black artists to be presented by Downtown Gallery.

1939: Marian Anderson sings at Lincoln Memorial

Opera singer Marian Anderson was scheduled to sing at Washington’s Constitution Hall on Easter Sunday in 1939. But at the last minute, she was refused the opportunity because of her race by Daughters of the American Revolution (a move that caused First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt to leave the group). Instead, Anderson gave a free open-air concert on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. The moment brought even greater awareness to the issues of racial injustice during that time period.

Bettmann // Getty Images

1940: Hattie McDaniel wins an Academy Award

Hattie McDaniel made history as the first African American person to win an Academy Award for her role as Mammy in “Gone With the Wind.” She came under fire at the time for her portrayal of a maid, but the defiant McDaniel famously retorted, saying she’d rather play a maid than serve as one in real life.

[Pictured: Actress Fay Bainter (at right) presents Hattie McDaniel with the Oscar for her supporting role in “Gone With the Wind” on Feb. 29, 1940, at the Twelfth Annual Banquet of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in Los Angeles.]

1941: National Negro Opera Company is created

The National Negro Opera Company was the first of its kind when musician Mary Cardwell Dawson founded it in 1941. The Black music association was created with the vision of affording Black Americans opportunities for cultural development through classical music.

1942: Hugh Mulzac becomes the first African American captain to command an integrated crew

Hugh Mulzac, a Black member of the U.S. Merchant Marine, was offered the chance at the onset of World War II to operate his own vessel. That ship was the SS Booker T. Washington, the first Liberty ship named after an African American. Mulzac said no at first, citing Commission policies stipulating he would be commanding an all-Black crew. What followed were protests from Black organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which pressured officials to change course. Mulzac then became the first African American ship commander, doing so over an integrated crew. The milestone did little to change things long-term, however, as he found himself out of a job by the early 1950s.

1943: Detroit Race Riots

The great migration from South to North brought mass amounts of Blacks to Detroit in search of work and a better life. Despite the city having 200,000 African American residents, Black people were still treated as second-class citizens—especially where housing was concerned. When Detroit started constructing Black housing projects and factories began promoting Black workers, disgruntled whites decided to fight back against the changing of the times. What followed were racially motivated attacks involving more than 200 Blacks and whites, leaving 25 African Americans dead and hundreds more injured.

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1944: United Negro College Fund is created

Dr. Frederick D. Patterson, president of the Tuskegee Institute, put out a call to other leaders of historically Black colleges urging them to pool sums of money together in a fund for inbound Black college students in financial need. In the last 70 years, the fund has supported more than 400,000 students in earning college degrees.

[Pictured: Tuskegee Institute president Dr. Frederick D. Patterson and George Washington Carver on April 2, 1940.]

1945: Ebony magazine debuts

John H. Johnson published the first issue of Ebony magazine in November 1945, heralding a new era of putting forth a positive image of Black Americans in mainstream media. A smaller news magazine called Jet was founded a few years later in 1951.

1946: Morgan v. Virginia invalidates separate but equal on interstate bus transport

In a case predating the Rosa Parks bus boycott, Irene Morgan was riding on a Greyhound bus and refused to give her seat up to a white passenger. Morgan was arrested but refused to plead guilty to violating Virginia’s segregation law. That move presented an opportunity for Morgan’s lawyer to argue that the law unfairly got in the way of interstate commerce. The case went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in her favor.

1947: 16 men embark on the ’Journey of Reconciliation’

Sometimes called “the first freedom ride,” 16 Black and white men embarked on a direct-action bus trip that flipped racial structures on their heads: Black protesters sat at the front of the bus, while white protestors sat at the back. Protests like these served as a tangible representation of the power of hands-on activism.

Toni Frissell/Library of Congress // Wikimedia Commons

1948: Desegregation of the US Armed Forces

In a step to dissolve segregated racial lines, President Harry Truman signed an executive order to integrate the U.S. Armed Forces, which effectively ended segregation across the military. There was significant pushback to the order; but by the end of the Korean War, most of the military was integrated.

[Pictured: Tuskegee airmen Woodrow W. Crockett and Edward C. Gleed in Ramitelli, Italy, in March 1945.]

1949: First Black-owned radio station

An accountant and professor by trade, Jesse B. Blayton Sr. made history when he founded WERD-AM in Atlanta, becoming the first Black man to own his own radio station. Blayton pioneered what he referred to as “Negro appeal” music, playing early R&B and soul cuts that didn’t get much airtime elsewhere. The radio station later became a supporter of the civil rights movement.

1950: Gregory Swanson is admitted to the University of Virginia Law School

With the help of a lawsuit, Gregory Swanson became the first Black student to attend the University of Virginia Law School. This historic victory allowed Black applicants to be permitted into the other University of Virginia professional programs as well.

1951: ‘We Charge Genocide’ petition is presented to the United Nations

Created by William Patterson and the Civil Rights Congress, the “We Charge Genocide” petition suggested the United States committed genocide against African Americans based on the outlines put forth by the U.N. Genocide Convention. More than 150 hate crimes that took place over the previous six years against Black people were documented, along with nearly 350 other violent crimes against Black Americans. The document, signed by 94 individuals and prominent civil rights leaders, was presented at the United Nations Convention in Paris.

1952: Cora Brown becomes Michigan’s first Black woman elected to state senator

Cora Brown’s successful 1952 campaign made her the first Black woman in the U.S. elected to a state Senate seat. She served as Michigan state senator through 1956, advocating on health issues, public utilities, and welfare. She became the special associate general counsel of the U.S. Post Office in 1957.

1953: Ralph Ellison wins the National Book Award for ‘Invisible Man’

The narrator of Ralph Ellison’s timeless classic is an unnamed Black man who reflects on all the ways he is not seen by society at large. “Invisible Man” delves into many of the everyday issues facing Black men in the first half of the 20th century, from identity politics and Black nationalism to race policies and ideas about individuality. It has been reported that Hulu has plans to turn the novel into a scripted series, in large part because of the continued relevance of the work.

1954: Davis et al. v. the St. Louis Housing Authority ends racial discrimination in St. Louis Housing Authority

Frankie Muse Freeman served as lead attorney in the landmark Davis et al. v. the St. Louis Housing Authority case that effectively put a stop to segregation in St. Louis public housing. Years later, Freeman led a task force to end segregation in St. Louis public schools.

[Pictured: Frankie Muse Freeman being sworn in as the first woman member of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights in 1964. She was the lead attorney in Davis et al. v. the St. Louis Housing Authority.]

Johnny Melton/Oklahoma Historical Society // Getty Images

1955: Read’s Drug Store sit-ins begin

Local African American students of Morgan State College teamed up with the Committee on Racial Equality to stage a series of sit-in protests to desegregate the local lunch counter at Read’s Drug Store in Baltimore, Maryland. The peaceful, five-day protest was a success—after losing significant business, the drug store vowed to serve all customers.

[Pictured: A Civil Rights sit-in led by Clara Luper to desegregate the lunch counter at Katz Drug Store at Main and Robinson in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Aug. 26, 1958.]

1956: ‘The Nat King Cole Show’ challenges racial lines on TV

Jazz legend Nat King Cole was the first Black man to host a nationally televised show with “The Nat King Cole Show” in 1956. For a little more than a year, Cole serenaded viewers and featured top entertainers. The show ended after 13 months because advertisers were hard to come by. Cole’s programming, however, paved the way for successful nighttime series like “The Arsenio Hall Show.”

1957: Civil Rights Act of 1957

President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1957 to protect civil rights, specifically Black voting rights. The act also established the Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department, giving federal officers the green light to prosecute those who deny or impede voter rights.

1958: Willie O’Ree is the first Black player in the National Hockey League

Willie O’Ree, the first Black player in the National Hockey League, is sometimes referred to as the “Jackie Robinson of Hockey.” O’Ree was influential in opening doors of professional hockey to Black players, including Dustin Byfuglien who led his team to a Stanley Cup championship in 2010.

1959: Motown Records is founded

With the opening of his Detroit-based label, Berry Gordy began churning out soul hits that left lasting imprints in the hearts of Americans everywhere. Over the decades, the label would go on to produce chart-topping musicians and groups like Diana Ross, the Supremes, the Jackson 5, Stevie Wonder, and Marvin Gaye.

1960: Ruby Bridges integrates Louisiana schools

Six-year-old Ruby Bridges was selected by the NAACP to integrate an all-white New Orleans school. Desegregating the school was an uphill battle, as many white parents pulled their children from classes, forcing Bridges to do most of her learning alone. Over the years, many more Black students were enrolled in William Frantz Elementary School, and Bridges later graduated from an integrated high school.

1961: Whitney Young Jr. is appointed executive director of the National Urban League

The National Urban League (NUL) experienced significant growth under the leadership of activist and educator Whitney Young Jr. Those milestones included a nearly twentyfold increase in the organization’s annual budget, becoming a full partner in the civil rights movement, and an increase in staffing from a few dozen to more than 1,000. The NUL in 1963 also hosted planning meetings for A. Philip Randolph, Martin Luther King Jr., and fellow civil rights leaders ahead of the March on Washington, securing the organization’s significance in the growing civil rights movement.

1962: James Meredith integrates Ole Miss campus

When James Meredith applied to the University of Mississippi, he was accepted. That acceptance, however, was rescinded when his race was discovered. Following 1954’s Brown v. Board of Education ruling, all schools were supposed to desegregate. As such, Meredith sued for discrimination. The Supreme Court ruled in his favor, and in October 1962, he became the first Black person to enroll at the school.

1963: ‘Letters from a Birmingham Jail’ is published

In April 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested for leading a march urging the boycotting of white stores during the Easter holiday. A statement published by The Birmingham News prompted King to write a 7,000-word response forever remembered as “Letters from a Birmingham Jail.”

1964: Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party is established

The formation of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) was in direct response to the all-white Mississippi Democratic Party and its control of the state’s political process. MFDP advocated for Black Mississippians and their right to be included in the political process, and rallied against an all-white political party in a state that had a large Black population.

1965: Malcolm X assassinated

Human rights activist Malcolm X committed his life to the advancement of Black people with his “by any means necessary” philosophy. After making a pivot away from the Nation of Islam, he was gunned down in February 1965 by members of the same organization. Many decades later, the men convicted of Malcolm X’s murder, Muhammad Abdul Aziz and Khalil Islam, were exonerated from their murder convictions in 2021 after a review found the FBI and the New York Police Department withheld key evidence during the trial.

1966: Stokely Carmichael promotes ‘Black power’

Civil rights activist James Meredith—the first Black student to attend the University of Mississippi—set out on a solo “Walk Against Fear” from Memphis, Tennessee, to Jackson, Mississippi, in June 1966. He was shot in Mississippi just a day into the walk and was hospitalized. Fellow activist Stokely Carmichael—along with Martin Luther King Jr., Cleveland Sellers, Allen Johnson, and several civil rights organizations—continued the march in Meredith’s name. Along the way, in Greenwood, Mississippi, Carmichael gave a speech that etched his name into Black history forever and became a slogan of resistance: “We’ve been saying ‘freedom’ for six years. What we are going to start saying now is ‘Black Power.’”

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1967: Loving v. Virginia strikes down interracial marriage ban in Virginia

After being wed in Washington D.C., Richard and Mildred Loving were banned from Virginia as their marriage violated the state’s Racial Integrity Act. The two avoided jail time by moving to the nation’s capital. After five years of living in D.C., the interracial couple longed to return to their hometown. The American Civil Liberty Union got involved with the case, moving it all the way up to the Supreme Court.

1968: ‘Julia,’ starring Diahann Carroll, hits TV screens

In the groundbreaking sitcom, “Julia,” Diahann Carroll pioneers the role of Julia, a widow and nurse raising a son in the early 1970s. Carroll’s role in this series was notable in that it was one of the first television shows featuring a Black lead who wasn’t a domestic worker.

1969: UNC food workers go on strike

The dining hall workers of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill went on strike, citing poor working conditions and inadequate pay for their labor. The strike, led by Mary Smith and Elizabeth Brooks, began in February and lasted until December and serves as a representation of the effectiveness of peaceful protests against larger institutions.

1970: Gail Fisher wins a Primetime Emmy

Gail Fisher is the first African American woman to win a Primetime Emmy. The award was for her role in “Mannix,” a detective series starring Mike Connors on CBS. Later nominees to follow in her footsteps include Debbie Allen and Nell Carter.

1971: Congressional Black Caucus is formed

Made up of mostly African American members of Congress, the Congressional Black Caucus has for the last 50 years been committed to ensuring Black Americans and other marginalized members of society have equal rights and opportunities. The Caucus uses constitutional power, authority, and finances to address pressing issues like the reformation of the criminal justice system, voter suppression, and racial health disparities.

1972: Shirley Chisholm runs for president

Laying the groundwork for Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton to run for leader of the free world, Shirley Chisholm made history by being the first Black candidate of a major party in a presidential race. As a Barbadian American daughter of immigrants, Chisholm was a fiercely independent and strong thinker. Her campaign slogan, “Unbought and Unbossed,” suggested as much.

1973: Combahee River Collective is created

The Combahee River Collective, a political group of Black feminists and lesbians, developed in opposition to mainstream feminism that heavily favored the needs and issues of white women. The group was named after the Harriet Tubman uprising that freed more than 700 enslaved individuals. This brand of feminism championed the idea that Black women were inherently valuable and the best in terms of advocating their own liberation.

1974: Henry ‘Hank’ Aaron hits his 715th home run

Hank Aaron kicked things up a notch when he hit a home run in the fourth inning of a game against the Los Angeles Dodgers. With that one swing, Aaron surpassed Babe Ruth’s home run record, cementing his position as one of the best in baseball.

1975: John Hope Franklin is selected as president of the Organization of American Historians

Historian and educator John Hope Franklin was the first African American to preside in the role of president of the Organization of American Historians. He held many distinctions in life and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1995.

1976: Barbara Jordan delivers keynote address at Democratic National Convention

Barbara Jordan, a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, became the first Black woman to deliver a keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention. Jordan’s speech is regarded as one of the best of the 20th century and is still relevant today: “We are a people in a quandary about the present. We are a people in search of our future. We are people in search of a national community. We are a people trying not only to solve the problems of the present, unemployment, inflation, but we are attempting on a larger scale to fulfill the promise of America. We are attempting to fulfill our national purpose, to create and sustain a society in which all of us are equal.”

1977: Andrew Jackson Young Jr. becomes ambassador to the United Nations

A former senior aide to Martin Luther King Jr., Andrew Young’s commitment to the civil rights movement made him a perfect candidate for ambassador to the United Nations. Young became the first African American to take on this position and served as the official representative for the Carter administration’s foreign policy program.

1978: Muhammad Ali wins heavyweight boxing title for the third time

With his defeat of Leon Spinks, Muhammad Ali became the first boxer to win the world heavyweight boxing title three times in his career. He retired just three years later, returning only briefly for select fights. His accomplishments include 56 wins and 37 knockouts—as well as years working alongside fellow civil rights activists and celebrities in their own right such as Sam Cooke, Malcolm X, and NFL star Jim Brown.

1979: Assata Shakur goes on the run

The revolutionary icon and former member of the Black Liberation Army Assata Shakur escaped from prison in 1979 and went off the grid before being found alive in Cuba five years later. Her initial charges (all steeped in controversy) were attempted murder, murder, bank robbery, kidnapping, and armed robbery. She was convicted of the murder of a police officer because of a loophole in New Jersey law saying it did not need to be proven that Shakur had fired a mortal shot. She was sentenced to life before her escape. She remains in Cuba, although President Donald Trump in 2017 said the U.S. would consider lifting new, stricter rules against visitors to Cuba if fugitives such as Shakur were returned.

1980: Robert L. Johnson launches BET

After years of working behind the scenes in cable TV, Robert L. Johnson created Black Entertainment Television (BET), the first cable television station geared toward an African American audience. The channel was a hit, and Johnson became the first Black billionaire when he sold his company to Viacom in 2001. The BET division of Viacom today is the most widely received network for African American audiences, with the paid channel reaching over 88 million American households.

1981: Mumia Abu-Jamal is arrested

A routine traffic stop ended with the death of a police officer. Activist Mumia Abu-Jamal was arrested for the crime and put on trial for a murder he says he did not commit. This event catapulted Abu-Jamal to the forefront of a social justice movement against racial bias in the judicial system.

1982: Michael Jackson’s ‘Thriller’ is released

“Thriller,” the sixth studio album by Michael Jackson, went on to sell more than 33 million copies worldwide. “Thriller” is largely considered the best-selling record of all time. The following year Jackson released a 13-minute music video for the title song, changing the landscape of music videos forever.

1983: Vanessa Williams is crowned Miss America

Then 20-year-old Vanessa Williams made history by becoming the first Black Miss America. She would go on to reign for nearly 10 months before being forced to resign the title amid a nude photo scandal. Nevertheless, her star continued to rise as she made the transition to singer and actress.

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1984: Jesse Jackson runs for president

Civil rights activist and politician Jesse Jackson became the second African American to pursue a major campaign for president (after Shirley Chisholm), running as a Democrat. He ultimately took third place in the primaries and launched another unsuccessful bid in 1988. In spite of never securing the presidential nomination, Jackson laid the foundation for the election of America’s first Black president 24 years later.

1985: MOVE Black Liberation House is bombed

Philadelphia-based radical movement MOVE was headquartered in a house in West Philadelphia. On the morning of May 13, surrounding neighbors were evacuated by authorities before 500 police officers gathered around 6221 Osage to arrest collective members. MOVE members and the police exchanged fire, with the authorities bombing the compound and killing six adults and five children.

1986: Oprah Winfrey launches her talk show

“The Oprah Winfrey Show” catapulted news anchor Oprah Winfrey to stardom and went on to run for 25 years. The show was not only an influential platform for Winfrey, who had a rough childhood and worked her way up to co-anchoring the evening news and launching a production company but featured an array of topics and interests from thought-provoking guests. Winfrey’s work—as a talk show host, media empire, actress, author, and mentor—has left a permanent impression on young Black women and what goals they are willing to set for themselves.

1987: Dr. Ben Carson separates conjoined twins

Dr. Ben Carson was director of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Medicine when he became the first person in history to separate twins conjoined at the head. The risky surgery took 22 hours and was considered by many to be a medical miracle.

1988: The film ‘Mississippi Burning’ is released

“Mississippi Burning” is a crime drama is loosely based on the 1964 murders of James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner. The three field workers organized voter registration for African Americans when they were reportedly abducted and murdered by the Ku Klux Klan. The film showcases the hostility and backlash the case received.

1989: Colin Powell becomes chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Nominated by President George H.W. Bush, Army Gen. Colin Powell became the first African American and the youngest person ever to become chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In this position, Powell helped pivot the U.S. military’s agenda away from the Soviet Union to focus on regional and humanitarian needs. Powell passed away from COVID-19 at age 84 in 2021.

1990: Lawrence Douglas Wilder becomes first elected African American governor

Nothing signals the changing times of the 1990s more than when Lawrence Douglas Wilder made history as the first elected African American governor. Twenty-eight years later, Stacey Abrams put up a good fight in her quest to become the first Black woman governor of Georgia.

1991: Julie Dash’s ‘Daughters of the Dust’ is released

A period piece set at the turn of the century, “Daughters of the Dust” tells the story of a group of Gullah women as they prepare to migrate north. Experimental in tone and imagery, Dash’s film is the first film directed by an African American woman to receive major distribution across the U.S. Years later, Beyoncé paid homage to the film in her “Lemonade” album.

Lindsay Brice/Getty Images

1992: Rodney King beating ignites the LA Riots

Four Los Angeles police officers were acquitted in April of the beating of Rodney King. The vicious beating was caught on tape, however, and showed the extent of police brutality. The acquittal touched off the LA Riots and started an expanded, nationwide debate on racial injustice.

1993: Toni Morrison wins Nobel Prize for ‘Beloved’

Morrison won the Nobel Prize for Literature before the third novel of her trilogy “Beloved” was published. The first was released in 1987, and the story follows a formerly enslaved woman named Sethe and was later turned into a movie starring Oprah Winfrey.

1994: Nas’ debut album ‘Illmatic’ is released

The debut album of New York rapper Nas cemented his place among hip-hop and rap royalty. “Illmatic” actually didn’t sell well upon its release, but it gained rave reviews amongst music fans and critics. The album is regarded as one of the greatest rap albums of all time.

1995: Million Man March is held in Washington DC

Called on by Minister Louis Farrakhan, this mass meeting had the aim of changing the perception of Black manhood. The march has since gone down in history as a positive occasion of brotherhood and personal atonement, though some criticisms regarded the exclusion of women.

1996: ‘Moesha’ premieres

For young Black girls growing up in the 1990s, “Moesha” was the show to watch. Starring R&B and pop singer Brandy, the show portrayed an average Black high school teen growing up in Los Angeles. “Moesha” aired for six seasons and birthed a successful spin-off called “The Parkers.”

1997: Tiger Woods wins his first major

American golf got a much-needed shake-up when 21-year-old Tiger Woods won the prestigious Masters Tournament in Augusta, Georgia. Many regard Woods’ monumental win to be one of the greatest performances by a golf pro in history. Since then, he’s won 14 more majors, including four more Masters.

1998: ‘The Secret Diary of Desmond Pfeiffer’ is canceled after the first episode

“The Secret Diary of Desmond Pfeiffer” ignited controversy before it even aired for its lighthearted take on American slavery. Chi McBride starred as the title character, a butler to President Abraham Lincoln. Groups like the NAACP quickly got involved, calling for a boycott of the show and its parent company United Paramount Network. As a result, only one episode aired before its cancellation.

1999: Serena Williams wins US Open

One-half of the dynamic tennis-playing Williams sisters, Serena Williams became the first African American woman to win a grand slam in an Open Era tennis match. She would go on to win a record—male or female—22 more majors.

2000: Venus Williams wins Women’s Singles at Wimbledon

The legacy of Althea Gibson received some company when 20-year-old Venus Williams became the first African American woman to win Wimbledon since Gibson in 1958. Venus and Serena Williams became the first sisters in the history of tennis to win the Wimbledon doubles title.

2001: Rev. Wilton D. Gregory becomes president of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops

A man of God his whole life, the Rev. Wilton D. Gregory has held many positions in the church. None, however, were as important as the one he would take on in November 2001 when he became the president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. He was the first African American to head an episcopal conference and was named Time’s Person of the Week in 2002 for his measured approach of defrocking priests embroiled in the sex abuse scandal of the Roman Catholic Church.

2002: Halle Berry wins Academy Award for ‘Monster’s Ball’

Halle Berry was the first African American to take home the Academy’s Best Actress Award for her portrayal of a grieving mother and widow in “Monster’s Ball.” Though the floodgates have opened for other women of color to be nominated in the same category, Berry holds the distinction of being the only Black woman to win.

2003: Dennis W. Archer becomes the president of the American Bar Association

Judge Dennis W. Archer made a name for himself in the world of law serving on the Michigan Supreme Court and also serving as mayor of Detroit for a time beginning in 1994. In 2003, his career was taken to another level when he was selected as the new president of the American Bar Association, the first African American to hold the position.

2004: Phylicia Rashad wins a Tony for Best Lead Actress in a play

Known for her role as Clair Huxtable on the 1980s sitcom “The Cosby Show,” actress Phylicia Rashad is no stranger to groundbreaking roles. She made history again playing the matriarch Lena Younger in “A Raisin in the Sun,” for which she earned the distinction of becoming the first African American woman to win the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play.

2005: Condoleezza Rice becomes US secretary of state

Condoleeza Rice worked as a national security advisor before becoming the first Black female Secretary of State from 2005 to 2009. During her time in the position, Rice dedicated herself to transforming diplomacy in the Middle East.

2006: Soulja Boy starts global dance craze with ‘Crank That’

The 16-year-old rapper known as Soulja Boy first recorded his hit “Crank That” in 2006 in his home. A year later he became an overnight sensation after uploading the video to YouTube. The video was viewed tens of millions of times, making it one of the first viral music videos. The song and its catchy dance routine were a hit, with some calling the “Crank That” dance fad the biggest since 1996’s “The Macarena.” Later that year, the unsigned artist was nominated for a Grammy.

2007: Barbara Hillary goes to the North Pole

Barbara Hillary was 75 years old when she became the first Black woman to reach the North Pole. A few years later, at 79, Hillary trekked to the South Pole as well, becoming the first Black woman to hold that distinction as well.

Ron Sachs-Pool // Getty Images

2008: Barack Obama becomes president of the United States

With the campaign slogan, “Yes we can,” Sen. Barack Obama became President Obama after defeating John McCain in the 2008 election. Many monumental changes were made during his two terms in office, including the Affordable Health Care Act and the election of Sonia Sotomayor, the first Latina and Hispanic justice on the Supreme Court.

2009: Disney’s first Black princess arrives

In a long-overdue move, Disney finally produced a film starring a Black princess to its catalog. “The Princess and the Frog” is set in 1920s New Orleans and follows a young woman called Tiana who dreams of opening her own restaurant. Her plans are dashed when she meets a two-faced prince who turns her into a frog. The film was a hit at the box office and was nominated for three Academy Awards.

2010: Dustin Byfuglien wins Stanley Cup with the Chicago Blackhawks

Fifty-two years after Willie O’Ree desegregated the hockey rink, Dustin Byfuglien had a memorable showing during the 2010 Stanley Cup. He tied for the team lead of the Chicago Blackhawks with 11 playoff goals, and his team eventually won the Stanley Cup over the Philadelphia Flyers.

2011: Charles E. Samuels Jr. becomes director of Federal Bureau of Prisons

Charles E. Samuels started with humble beginnings as a correctional officer in 1988. In 2011, he became the first African American man to oversee the Federal Bureau of Prisons. All his hard work paid off in 2015 when he was awarded the U.S. Department of Justice’s highest award, the Edward H. Levi Award for Outstanding Professionalism and Exemplary Integrity, which recognized his contributions to the law enforcement field.

2012: Fred Luter Jr. is elected the president of the Southern Baptist Convention

The Southern Baptist Convention, founded in 1845, is considered by many to be an institution born out of slavery. So when the Rev. Fred Luter Jr. was elected as the group’s first Black president, it was a signal to many that a change had arrived at the doorsteps of many Southern Baptists still holding outdated views.

2013: Cheryl Boone Isaacs is elected president of Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

PR and film-marketing exec Cheryl Boone Isaacs made a name for herself when she became the first Black president, and third female president, of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), the group responsible for the annual Academy Awards. Isaacs had her start as a Pan Am flight attendant but changed gears when she followed her late brother Ashley Boone Jr. (a motion-picture marketing and distribution executive) to Hollywood.

[Pictured: Academy President Cheryl Boone Isaacs on stage during the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences’ Governors Awards Nov. 16, 2013, in Hollywood, California.]

2014: Ava DuVernay earns a Golden Globe nomination

Ava DuVernay earned a Golden Globe nomination for her directorial work on the film “Selma.” She was the first Black woman director to be nominated for a Golden Globe. After the release of “A Wrinkle in Time” in 2018, DuVernay became the first Black woman to direct a $100 million-grossing film.

2015: Bree Newsome brings down the flag

Artist and activist Bree Newsome famously and boldly took down the Confederate flag in front of the South Carolina Capitol Building. Newsome’s act of defiance has gone down in history as one against hatred and oppression.

2016: Carla Hayden becomes Librarian of Congress

The first African American and first woman to lead the national library, Dr. Carla Hayden has been working in the information science field for decades. One of her biggest projects is collecting resources for the continued digitization of collections and materials.

[Pictured: Michelle Obama and Carla Hayden at American Library Association conference 2018 in New Orleans.]

2017: Tiffany Haddish hosts ‘Saturday Night Live’

The “Girls Trip” star made history when she hosted “Saturday Night Live,” becoming the first Black woman stand-up comic to do so in the show’s 43-season run. One year later, actor and musician Donald Glover served as host and musical guest.

Jessica McGowan // Getty Images

2018: Stacey Abrams runs for governor of Georgia

The minority leader of the Georgia House of Representatives threw her hat in the ring in Fall 2018 with her bid for governor of Georgia. Despite losing by roughly 55,000 votes, Stacey Abrams’ campaign put a much-needed spotlight on voter suppression, which still runs rampant in American politics.

2019: ‘Black Panther’ achieves two milestones

Not only did the 2018 Marvel film “Black Panther” become the first superhero movie to star a predominantly Black cast, but at the 2019 Academy Awards, Ryan Coogler’s smash hit garnered two history-making Oscars. Ruth E. Carter became the first African American woman to win for Best Costume Design, thanking the Academy, in part, for “honoring African royalty, and the empowered way women can look and lead onscreen.” Hannah Beachler was the first to win for Best Production Design, remarking, “I stand here with agency and self-worth because of Ryan Coogler. … I stand here because of this man who offered me a better perspective of life.”

2020: Black Lives Matter/George Floyd Protests

Organizer Alicia Garza first used the phrase “Black lives matter” on Twitter in response to the acquittal of George Zimmerman, who shot and killed 17-year-old Trayvon Martin, in 2012. The term became the rallying cry of a movement that gained momentum in 2016 when San Francisco 49ers Colin Kaepernick, Eric Reid, and Eli Harold took a knee during the national anthem before a football game as a way to shine a light on police brutality against Black people. Following the police killing of George Floyd in May 2020, when officer Derek Chauvin knelt on the neck of 46-year-old Floyd for more than eight minutes, protests kicked off around the country and world to honor Floyd and all other Black lives.

2021: Kamala Harris sworn in as Vice President of the United States

On Jan. 20, 2021, American politician Kamala Harris made history threefold when she was sworn into office as President Joe Biden’s vice president of the United States. This cemented Harris’ mark in the history books by becoming not only the first female U.S. vice president but also the first of Black and Asian ancestry.

2022: Michaela Jaé Rodriguez wins Best Actress Golden Globe

Michaela Jaé Rodriguez, an actress of Black and Puerto Rican ancestry formerly known as Mj Rodriguez, is no stranger to making an impact with her powerful on-screen performance, particularly as Blanca Evangelista on FX’s period drama series, “Pose.” In 2021, Rodriguez became the first transgender woman to earn an Emmy Award nomination in a major category (Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series). The following year, in 2022, Rodriguez carved another mark for herself in the history books when she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress at the 79th ceremony, making her the first transgender actor ever to win a category in the history of the awards.

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Phillies announce reporting dates for pitchers and catchers

Philadelphia Phillies introduce shortstop Trea Turner

Philadelphia Phillies introduce shortstop Trea Turner


PHILADELPHIA (CBS)  — It feels like the Phillies’ run to the World Series just ended. 

But next month, the team will be reporting to Clearwater, Florida, for Spring Training. 

Pitchers and catchers will report on Thursday, Feb. 16. The full squad will be in Clearwater on Tuesday, Feb. 21. 

The Phillies have had a busy offseason after winning the National League pennant for the first time since 2009. 

The Phillies signed Trea Turner, the best shortstop on the market, to a massive contract. Bryce Harper underwent Tommy John surgery and will be out until at least the All-Star Break. 

The team also added a pitcher to starting rotation in Taijuan Walker, and depth to their bullpen with the additions of Matt Strahm, Craig Kimbrel, Erich Uelmen and Gregory Soto

The Phillies’ first spring training game will be against the Detroit Tigers on Feb. 25 at 1:05 p.m.

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States that limit business with banks that ‘boycott’ fossil fuels could pay high cost, study says

Republican state policymakers’ efforts to boost fossil fuels by prohibiting their governments from doing business with companies that take sustainability into consideration has the potential to cost states millions, according to a study released Thursday.

Researchers looked specifically at the possible effects on Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma and West Virginia if they passed Texas-like legislation limiting investment options on municipal bonds and found it could cost them between $264 and $708 million in additional interest payments. The study noted that the states had not passed such broad legislation.

The six states are among two dozen that last year issued proposed or passed legislation prohibiting state government entities from doing business with financial firms that take environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) into consideration when making investment decisions as anti-ESG efforts spread from state treasurers and attorneys general to governors and lawmakers. Republican policymakers refer to ESG as the “boycotting” of energy companies and argue that the investment funds are following a liberal agenda that hurts jobs.

The study by Econsult Solutions of Philadelphia was commissioned by the Sunrise Project for two groups focused on environmental policy, As You Sow, and Ceres Accelerator for Sustainable Capital Markets. It expands on a Wharton School of Business study released in July that focused on the cost to Texas after anti-ESG laws restricting business with banks that have policies against fossil fuels and firearms took effect there in 2021. 

Steven Rothstein, managing director of Ceres Accelerator, calls the anti-ESG bills and changes to state pension funds “short-sighted” and “political.” He argues that these approaches will only hurt taxpayers.

“In the long run, we’re worried that those taxpayers and pension holders will actually get hurt with higher risk and low return,” he said. 

With Texas leading the way as the first state to enact anti-ESG laws, the study’s authors assumed passage of similar laws and the same bond market restrictions in the six states they chose to examine. They used data on municipal bond transactions from January 2017 to April 2022 and looked at changes in Texas bonds “that occurred during the last 12 months of the period which corresponded to the implementation of the new laws.” The six were chosen because they had had more debate about anti-ESG bills and administrative action on ESG issues.

The Wharton study found that Texas paid higher interest rates because of less competition after major banks were forced from the state. Similarly, the Econsult study found that interest costs for its six states could balloon if they underwent Texas-like changes that influenced municipal bonds in addition to state actions.

  • In Florida, the costs would range from $97 million to $361 million. 
  • In Kentucky, the costs would be between $26 million and $70 million. 
  • For Louisiana, the cost would fall between $51 million and $131 million. 
  • In West Virginia, the interest costs would be anywhere from $9 million to $29 million.
  • In Missouri, taxpayers would see an increase in interest of $32 to $68 million.
  • Oklahoma would have $49 million in additional costs.

“That is a burden on every taxpayer — every teacher, every elder citizen in those states,” Rothstein said. “That obviously doesn’t help anyone. It’s just higher interest costs, and that is because of having less bankers being able to bid for that work. That is one of the risks. And in addition, they’re also not going to be considering climate risk.”

Rothstein added that after the pandemic reminded people of how interconnected the supply chain is, it would be ill-advised to rule out considering climate risk, in addition to other ESG factors, and that ESG factors are only one set of considerations investors make among many.

Kentucky and West Virginia have now enacted bills restricting various government agencies and boards from doing business with financial institutions that “boycott” fossil fuels although neither reference municipal bonds nor are they as broad as the Texas legislation.

In Missouri, state Sen. Mike Moon, R-Ash Grove, has already filed anti-ESG legislation this session, similar to a bill he filed last year that restricted “public bodies” from contracting with businesses that used “ESG scoring.” It is one of three Senate bills aimed at what state officials have labeled “woke” investments. Last year, the state’s then Treasurer, Scott Fitzpatrick, pulled $500 million in pension funds from BlackRock, the world’s largest asset manager, saying the company had shown it would “prioritize the advancing a woke political agenda” over clients.

Michael Berg, political director of the Missouri chapter of Sierra Club, told States Newsroom he sees these efforts as a way for the fossil fuel industry to “buy time” and get in the way of any progress to address climate change. 

“This is a national organized campaign being pushed by the Republican Party politicians, and conservative dark money groups controlled by billionaires and fossil fuel interests,” he said. Berg pointed to the influence of the State Financial Officers Foundation, a Kansas nonprofit that has been influential in the policy push against ESG.

According to a New York Times investigation, the group coordinated with the Heartland Institute, Heritage Foundation, and American Petroleum Institute to push anti-ESG policy approaches since January 2021.

“They (lawmakers) say they don’t like BlackRock looking at anything besides immediate returns, but we have to see whether or not they’re actually costing Missouri pensioners because of political decisions under the guise of opposing political decisions,” Berg said.

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On the Rampage, The Challenge, Doc’s Found, Messaging, Ali Vitalli and ‘Say it to me SANTOS’ & George Santos claims that song is about him!


ExxonMobil publicly denied global warming but quietly predicted it

In perhaps one of the most cynically ironic twists in the field of climate science, new research suggests ExxonMobil may have had keener insight into the impending dangers of global warming than even NASA scientists but still waged a decades-long campaign to discredit research into climate change and its connection to the burning of fossil fuels.

Despite its public denials, the major oil corporation worked behind closed doors to carry out an astonishingly accurate series of global warming projections between 1977 and 2003, according to a study published Thursday in Science.

“Exxon didn’t just know some climate science, they actually helped advance it,” said Geoffrey Supran, lead author of the study and former researcher in the department of the history of science at Harvard University. “They didn’t just vaguely know something about global warming decades ago, they knew as much as independent academics and government scientists did. And arguably, they knew all they needed to know.”

In a review of archived documents and memos, researchers found that scientists for then-Exxon had completed a set of 16 models that predicted global temperatures would rise, on average, about 0.36 degrees Fahrenheit (0.2 degrees Celsius) per decade. Since 1981, Earth’s global average temperature has risen about 0.32 degrees (0.18 Celsius) per decade, according to NASA.

Researchers at Harvard and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research found most of the ExxonMobil projections are consistent with subsequent global temperature observations, according to the study. Many of the Exxon projections proved to be more precise than those by James Hansen, then-director of NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies, who famously testified before U.S. Senate in 1988 about the “greenhouse effect.”

The analysis adds to a growing body of evidence that the nation’s largest oil producer recognized burning fossil fuels was warming the Earth, even as it continued to heap doubt onto that notion publicly. The paper also shows, for the first time, just how precise and sophisticated the fossil fuel industry’s own climate research was.

In response to the study, ExxonMobil spokesperson Todd Spitler said the company’s understanding of climate science has evolved along with that of the broader scientific community. The energy company, he said, is now actively engaged on several efforts to mitigate global warming.

“This issue has come up several times in recent years and, in each case, our answer is the same: those who suggest ‘we knew’ are wrong,” Spitler said in a statement. “Some have sought to misrepresent facts and ExxonMobil’s position on climate science, and its support for effective policy solutions, by recasting well intended, internal policy debates as an attempted company disinformation campaign.”

The Harvard-led study builds previous academic research, in addition to investigative reporting by InsideClimate News and the Los Angeles Times, that uncovered a tranche of internal company memos demonstrating Exxon officials knew burning fossil fuels would lead to global warming since the late 1970s.

Exxon was once a pioneer in the arena of climate research in the early 1980s. But its public stance on global warming changed sharply by 1990.

In one internal draft memo from August 1988 titled “The Greenhouse Effect,” a public relations manager detailed the scientific consensus about the role of fossil fuels in global warming but wrote that the company should “Emphasize the uncertainty.” An archived presentation in 1989 from Exxon’s manager of science and strategy development said: “Data confirm that greenhouse gases are increasing in the atmosphere. Fossil fuels contribute most of the CO2.”

In 1999 — the year Exxon and Mobil merged — companyCEO Lee Raymond, however, said future climate “projections are based on completely unproven climate models, or, more often, sheer speculation.”

In 2015, Raymond’s successor, Rex Tillerson, who later served as Secretary of State under President Trump, also questioned climate projections involving the amount of carbon dioxide gas in the atmosphere.

“We do not really know what the climate effects of 600 parts per million versus 450 parts per million will be because the models simply are not that good,” Tillerson said.

Years earlier, however, Exxon’s own modeling from 1982 suggested that 600 ppm of CO2 would lead to 2.3 degrees (1.3 Celsius) more global warming than 450 ppm.

The analysis also found that Exxon scientists had projected that global warming would first become detectable at the turn 21st century. The Exxon scientists concluded this warming trend would render the Earth hotter than at any time in at least 150,000 years, debunking unfounded theories of “global cooling” and a forthcoming ice age.

Despite such findings by their own scientists, company officials poured millions of dollars into a public relations campaign to cast doubt on the science behind climate change. That campaign included prominent ads in the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal and the New York Times.

“They were right on the money in terms of rejecting a possible ice age, accurately predicting when warming would first be detectable, estimating the carbon budget for 2 degrees — and then, in all of those points, the company’s subsequent public statements contradicted its own data,” said Supran, now an associate professor of environmental science and policy at the University of Miami.

It wasn’t until 2007 that ExxonMobil publicly conceded that climate change was occurring, and was largely driven by the burning of fossil fuels and proliferation of heat-trapping CO2.

Before the Industrial Revolution, CO2 levels were consistently around 280 ppm for almost 6,000 years of human civilization, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Since then, humans released an estimated 1.5 trillion tons of carbon emissions through the burning of fossil fuels — including gas, coal and methane.

In 2022 — which NOAA now ranks as the sixth-warmest year on record — CO2 levels reached 420 parts per million in November, a mark the planet hasn’t seen in millions of years.

Nine of the last 10 years have been the warmest since 1880, according to NOAA. These rising temperatures are fueling extreme weather events worldwide, and California and the Western U.S. have been on the frontlines in recent years.

Despite a recent barrage of deadly storms that have hit California since the beginning of the year, the American Southwest is still braving one of its driest stretches in 1,200 years. California is also still recovering from a record-setting wildfire season in 2020, during which 4.3 million acres were scorched statewide. And as Arctic ice continues to melt, sea level rise threatens to exacerbate coastal erosion.

The recent ExxonMobil findings have given more fodder to the #ExxonKnew campaign — an environmental crusade that traces its origins to a 2012 meeting of climate activists and experts in La Jolla. Its supporters have accused ExxonMobil of intentionally misleading the public and causing humanity to lose precious time in the fight to curtail carbon emissions. They have called for investigations into the company’s statements about climate change and fossil fuels.

In that time, dozens of local and state governments, including several California cities, have filed suit against ExxonMobil and other energy companies for orchestrating public deception campaigns in spite of internal scientific knowledge.

In 2019, a New York state judge dismissed the New York attorney general’s lawsuit against ExxonMobil that accused the company of defrauding its shareholders by failing to accurately account for the risks of climate change.

As ExxonMobil continues to challenge similar litigation elsewhere, the company’s website is now chock-full of climate-friendly lingo on how it intends to support a “net-zero future” with “lower-emission efforts” — a stark departure from its public stance more than a decade earlier.

“There’s this sort of gradual evolution away from outright denial and towards what we call discourses of delay,” Supran said. “That kind of blends into the present where we have these much more subtle discourses that position fossil fuels as essential to the future of humanity.”

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Beyonce and Kendrick Lamar Lead Music Nods – Billboard

Beyoncé and Kendrick Lamar are the top music nominees for the 2023 NAACP Image Awards, with five nods each. Chris Brown and Tems are next in line with four nods, followed by Drake with three.

Beyoncé and Lamar are both nominated for outstanding album, for Renaissance and Mr. Morale & the Big Steppers, respectively. The other three album of the year nominees are Ari Lennox’s age/sex/location, Brown’s Breezy (Deluxe) and PJ Morton’s Watch the Sun.

Mary J. Blige received two nominations, including one for entertainer of the year. Notably, all five of the nominees in that marquee category are women. Blige is competing in that category with Angela Bassett, Quinta Brunson, Viola Davis and Zendaya.

Adam Blackstone, who won a Primetime Emmy last year as music director of the Super Bowl halftime show, is nominated for outstanding new artist and outstanding jazz album – vocal for Legacy.

The other nominees for outstanding new artist are Armani White, Coco Jones, Fivio Foreign and Steve Lacy, whose “Bad Habit” topped the Billboard Hot 100 for three weeks late last year.

In non-music categories, the embattled Will Smith is nominated for outstanding actor in a motion picture for his performance in Emancipation.

Music stars who are nominated in motion picture categories include Janelle Monáe, nominated for outstanding supporting actress in a motion picture for Glass Onion: A Knives Out Mystery (Netflix); Ledisi, nominated for outstanding breakthrough performance in a motion picture for Remember Me: The Mahalia Jackson Story; Yola, nominated in that same category for Elvis; and Cliff “Method Man” Smith, nominated for outstanding supporting actor in a motion picture for On the Come Up.

Music stars who are nominated in TV and streaming categories include  Donald Glover (Childish Gambino on records), nominated for outstanding actor in a comedy series for Atlanta;Sheryl Lee Ralph, nominated for outstanding supporting actress in a comedy series for Abbott Elementary; Queen Latifah, nominated for outstanding actress in a drama series for The Equalizer; Zendaya, nominated in that same category for Euphoria; Cliff “Method Man” Smith, nominated for outstanding supporting actor in a drama series for Power Book II: Ghost; Willow Smith, nominated for outstanding host in a talk or news/information (series or special) – individual or ensemble for Red Table Talk; and Jennifer Hudson, nominated in that same category for The Jennifer Hudson Show.

Still more music stars who are nominated in TV and streaming categories include Keke Palmer, nominated for outstanding host in a reality/reality competition, game show or variety (series or special) – individual or ensemble for Password; Lizzo, nominated in that same category for Watch Out for the Big Grrls; Chance the Rapper, nominated for outstanding guest performance for South Side; Billy Porter, nominated for outstanding character voice-over performance (television) for The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder; and Chris Bridges (Ludacris on records), nominated in that same category for Karma’s World.

In addition, Lizzo’s Watch Out for the Big Grrrls is nominated for outstanding reality program, reality competition or game show (series); Louis Armstrong’s Black & Blues for outstanding documentary (film); Sacha Jenkins for outstanding directing in a documentary (television or motion picture) for directing the Armstrong film; and Kasi Lemons for outstanding directing in a motion picture for directing the Whitney Houston biopic I Wanna Dance With Somebody.

The NAACP Image Awards are presented in 10 broad categories – recording, motion pictures, TV & streaming, documentary, writing, directing, literary, podcast, costume design, make-up and hairstyling and outstanding social media.

The NAACP and BET announced the nominees in four categories (outstanding actor in a motion picture, outstanding actress in a motion picture, outstanding international song and entertainer of the year) on CBS Mornings on Thursday (Jan. 12). All nominations can be found on the NAACP Image Awards Instagram page (@naacapimageawards).

Voting is now open to determine the winners at Voting closes on Feb. 10. Winners will be revealed during the 54th NAACP Image Awards telecast on Feb. 25 on BET. NAACP will also recognize winners in non-televised categories Feb. 20-24, streaming on

ABC and Netflix lead the pack with 28 and 15 nominations respectively, according to BET. Netflix and Black Panther: Wakanda Forever lead nominations across the motion picture categories with 15 and 12 nominations respectively. ABC and Abbott Elementary received the most nods in the television + streaming categories with 28 and nine nods respectively. RCA Records / RCA Inspiration received the most nods across record labels (11).

Here’s a full list of the nominations in recording, motion pictures, television & streaming, documentary, writing and directing categories. For nominations in literary; podcast; costume design, make-up and hairstyling; and outstanding social media categories, go to the NAACP Image Awards Instagram page.

Entertainer of the year

Angela Bassett

Mary J. Blige

Quinta Brunson

Viola Davis



Outstanding album

age/sex/location – Ari Lennox (Dreamville/Interscope Records)

Breezy (Deluxe) – Chris Brown (RCA Records/Chris Brown Entertainment)

Mr. Morale & the Big Steppers – Kendrick Lamar (pgLang/Top Dawg Entertainment/Aftermath/Interscope Records)

Renaissance – Beyoncé (Parkwood/Columbia Records)

Watch the Sun – PJ Morton (Morton Records)

Outstanding soul/R&B song

“About Damn Time” – Lizzo (Atlantic Records)

“Cuff It” – Beyoncé (Columbia Record/Parkwood Entertainment)

“Good Morning Gorgeous” Remix – Mary J. Blige feat. H.E.R. (300)

“Hurt Me So Good” – Jazmine Sullivan (RCA Records)

“Lift Me Up” – Rihanna (Def Jam Recordings)

Outstanding hip hop/rap song 

“Billie Eilish” – Armani White (Def Jam Recordings)

“City of Gods” – Fivio Foreign (Columbia Records)

“Hotel Lobby” – Quavo, Takeoff (Motown Records/Quality Control Music)

“The Heart Part 5” – Kendrick Lamar (pgLang/Top Dawg Entertainment/Aftermath/Interscope Records)

“Wait for U” – Future feat. Drake and Tems (Epic Records)

Outstanding male artist

Brent Faiyaz – Wasteland (Lost Kids)

Burna Boy – Love, Damini (Atlantic Records)

Chris Brown – Breezy (Deluxe) (RCA Records/Chris Brown Entertainment)

Drake – Honestly, Nevermind (OVO/Republic Records)

Kendrick Lamar – Mr. Morale & the Big Steppers (pgLang/Top Dawg Entertainment/Aftermath/Interscope Records)

Outstanding female artist

Ari Lennox – age/sex/location (Dreamville/Interscope Records)

Beyoncé – Renaissance (Columbia Records/Parkwood Entertainment)

Chlöe – Surprise (Columbia Records/Parkwood Entertainment)

Jazmine Sullivan – Hurt Me So Good (RCA Records)

SZA – S.O.S. (RCA Records/Top Dawg Entertainment)

Outstanding duo, group or collaboration (traditional) 

Kendrick Lamar feat. Blxst & Amanda Reifer – “Die Hard” (pgLang/Top Dawg Entertainment/Aftermath/Interscope Records)

Mary J. Blige feat. H.E.R. – “Good Morning Gorgeous” remix (300)

PJ Morton feat. Alex Isley and Jill Scott – “Still Believe” (Morton Records)

Silk Sonic – “Love’s Train” (Atlantic Records)

Summer Walker, Cardi B, and SZA – “No Love” (LVRN/Interscope Records

Outstanding duo, group or collaboration (contemporary) 

Beyoncé feat. Grace Jones and Tems – “Move” (Columbia Records/Parkwood Entertainment)

Chris Brown feat. Wizkid – “Call Me Every Day” (RCA Records/Chris Brown Entertainment)

City Girls feat. Usher – “Good Love” (Motown Records/Quality Control Music)

Future feat. Drake and Tems – “Wait for U” (Epic Records)

Latto feat. Mariah Carey and DJ Khaled – “Big Energy” remix (RCA Records)

Outstanding new artist

Adam Blackstone – Legacy (BASSic Black Entertainment Records/Anderson Music Group/Empire)

Armani White – “Billie Eilish” (Def Jam Recordings)

Coco Jones – “ICU” (Def Jam Recordings)

Fivio Foreign – B.I.B.L.E (Columbia Records)

Steve Lacy – Gemini Rights (RCA Records)

Outstanding music video/visual album

“About Damn Time” – Lizzo (Atlantic Records)

“Be Alive” – Beyoncé (Columbia Records/ Parkwood Entertainment)

“Lift Me Up” – Rihanna (Def Jam Recordings)

“Lord Forgive Me” feat. Fat, Pharrell and Olu of Earthgang – Tobe Nwigwe (The Good Stewards Collective)

“The Heart Part 5” – Kendrick Lamar (pgLang/Top Dawg Entertainment/Aftermath/Interscope Records)

Outstanding soundtrack/compilation album

Black Panther: Wakanda ForeverMusic From and Inspired By – Ryan Coogler, Ludwig Göransson, Archie Davis and Dave Jordan (Hollywood Records)

Bridgerton Season Two (Soundtrack from the Netflix Series) – Kris Bowers (Capitol Records)

Entergalactic – Kid Cudi (Republic Records)

P-Valley: Season 2 (Music From the Original TV Series) – Various Artists (Lions Gate Records)

The Woman King – Terence Blanchard (Milan Records)

Outstanding international song

“Bad to Me” – Wizkid (RCA Records/Starboy/Sony Music International)

“Diana” – Fireboy DML, Chris Brown, Shenseea (YBNL Nation / EMPIRE)

“Last Last” – Burna Boy (Atlantic Records)

“No Woman No Cry” – Tems (Def Jam Recordings)

“Stand Strong” – Davido feat. Sunday Service Choir (RCA Records/Sony Music UK)

Outstanding gospel/Christian album 

All Things New – Tye Tribbett (Motown Gospel)

Hymns – Tasha Cobbs Leonard (Motown Gospel)

Kingdom Book One – Maverick City Music & Kirk Franklin (Tribl Records, Fo Yo Soul Recordings and RCA Inspiration)

My Life – James Fortune (FIYA World/MNRK Music Group)

The Urban Hymnal – Tennessee State University (TSU/Tymple)

Outstanding gospel/Christian song 

“All in Your Hands” – Marvin Sapp (Elev8 Media & Entertainment LLC)

“Fly (Y.M.M.F.)” – Tennessee State University (TSU/Tymple)

“Positive” – Erica Campbell (My Block Inc.)

“Whole World in His Hands” – MAJOR. (MNRK Music Group)

“Your World” – Jonathan McReynolds (MNRK Music Group)

Outstanding jazz album – instrumental

Detour – Boney James (Concord Records)

JID014 (Jazz Is Dead) – Henry Franklin, Ali Shaheed Muhammad, Adrian Younge

The Funk Will Prevail – Kaelin Ellis (NCH Music)

The Gospel According to Nikki Giovanni – Javon Jackson (Solid Jackson Records)

Thrill Ride – Ragan Whiteside (Randis Music)

Outstanding jazz album – vocal

Legacy – Adam Blackstone (BASSic Black Entertainment Records / Anderson Music Group / Empire)

Linger Awhile – Samara Joy (Verve Records)

Love and the Catalyst – Aimée Allen (Azuline)

New Standards Vol. 1 – Terri Lyne Carrington (Candid Records)

The Evening : Live at Apparatus – The Baylor Project (Be A Light)


Outstanding motion picture

A Jazzman’s Blues (Netflix)

Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Emancipation (Apple TV)

The Woman King (Sony Pictures Releasing)

TILL (United Artists Releasing/Orion Pictures)

Outstanding actor in a motion picture

Daniel Kaluuya – Nope (Universal Pictures)

Jonathan Majors – Devotion (Sony Pictures Entertainment)

Joshua Boone – A Jazzman’s Blues (Netflix)

Sterling K. Brown – Honk for Jesus. Save Your Soul (Focus Features)

Will Smith – Emancipation (Apple)

Outstanding actress in a motion picture

Danielle Deadwyler – TILL (United Artists Releasing/Orion Pictures)

Keke Palmer – Alice (Vertical Entertainment)

Letitia Wright – Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Regina Hall – Honk for Jesus. Save Your Soul (Focus Features)

Viola Davis – The Woman King (Sony Pictures Releasing)

Outstanding supporting actor in a motion picture

Aldis Hodge – Black Adam (Warner Bros. Pictures / New Line Cinema)

Cliff “Method Man” Smith – On the Come Up (Paramount Pictures)

Jalyn Hall – TILL (United Artists Releasing/Orion Pictures)

John Boyega – The Woman King (Sony Pictures Releasing)

Tenoch Huerta – Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Outstanding supporting actress in a motion picture

Angela Bassett – Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Danai Gurira – Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Janelle Monáe – Glass Onion: A Knives Out Mystery (Netflix)

Lashana Lynch – The Woman King (Sony Pictures Releasing)

Lupita Nyong’o – Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Outstanding independent motion picture

Breaking (Bleecker Street)

Causeway (Apple TV)

Mr. Malcolm’s List (Bleecker Street)

Remember Me: The Mahalia Jackson Story (Hulu)

The Inspection (A24)

Outstanding international motion picture

Athena (Netflix)

Bantú Mama (ARRAY)

Broker (NEON)

Learn to Swim (ARRAY)

The Silent Twins (Focus Features)

Outstanding breakthrough performance in a motion picture

Jalyn Hall – TILL (United Artists Releasing/Orion Pictures)

Joshua Boone – A Jazzman’s Blues (Netflix)

Ledisi – Remember Me: The Mahalia Jackson Story (Hulu)

Y’lan Noel – A Lot of Nothing (RLJE)

Yola – Elvis (Warner Bros. Pictures)

Outstanding ensemble cast in a motion picture 

A Jazzman’s Blues (Netflix)

Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Emancipation (Apple TV)

The Woman King (Sony Pictures Entertainment)

TILL (United Artists Releasing/Orion Pictures)

Outstanding animated motion picture

DC League of Super-Pets (Warner Bros. Pictures / WAG / DC)

Guillermo del Toro’s Pinocchio (Netflix)

Puss in Boots: The Last Wish (Universal Pictures)

Turning Red (Pixar Animation Studios)

Wendell & Wild (Netflix)

Outstanding character voice-over performance – motion picture

Angela Bassett – Wendell & Wild (Netflix)

Keke Palmer – Lightyear (Walt Disney Studios)

Kevin Hart – DC League of Super-Pets (Warner Bros. Pictures / WAG / DC)

Lyric Ross – Wendell & Wild (Netflix)

Taraji P. Henson – Minions: The Rise of Gru (Universal Pictures)

Outstanding short-form (live action)

Dear Mama… (Film Independent)

Fannie (Chromatic Black)

Fathead (University of Southern California)

Incomplete (20th Century Digital, Hulu)

Pens & Pencils (Wavelength Productions/Black TV & Film Collective)

Outstanding short-form (animated)

I Knew Superman (Houghtonville Animation)

More Than I Want to Remember (MTV Entertainment Studios)

Supercilious (York Cinemas)

The Boy, the Mole, the Fox and the Horse (Apple Studios)

We Are Here (271 Films)

Outstanding breakthrough creative (motion picture)

Elvis Mitchell – Is That Black Enough for You?!? (Netflix)

Ericka Nicole Malone – Remember Me: The Mahalia Jackson Story (Hulu)

Krystin Ver Linden – Alice (Vertical Entertainment)

Mo McRae – A Lot of Nothing (RLJE)

Stephen Adetumbi, Jarrett Roseborough – This Is My Black (Campus of Pine Forge Academy)


Outstanding comedy series

Abbott Elementary (ABC)

Atlanta (FX)

black-ish (ABC)

Rap Sh!t (HBO Max)

The Wonder Years (ABC)

Outstanding actor in a comedy series

Anthony Anderson – black-ish (ABC)

Cedric The Entertainer – The Neighborhood (CBS)

Donald Glover – Atlanta (FX)

Dulé Hill – The Wonder Years (ABC)

Mike Epps – The Upshaws (Netflix)

Outstanding actress in a comedy series

Loretta Devine – Family Reunion (Netflix)

Maya Rudolph – Loot (Apple TV+)

Quinta Brunson – Abbott Elementary (ABC)

Tichina Arnold – The Neighborhood (CBS)

Tracee Ellis Ross – black-ish (ABC)

Outstanding supporting actor in a comedy series

Brian Tyree Henry – Atlanta (FX)

Deon Cole – black-ish (ABC)

Kenan Thompson – Saturday Night Live (NBC)

Tyler James Williams – Abbott Elementary (ABC)

William Stanford Davis – Abbott Elementary (ABC)

Outstanding supporting actress in a comedy series

Janelle James – Abbott Elementary (ABC)

Jenifer Lewis – black-ish (ABC)

Marsai Martin – black-ish (ABC)

Sheryl Lee Ralph – Abbott Elementary (ABC)

Wanda Sykes – The Upshaws (Netflix)

Outstanding drama series

Bel-Air (Peacock)

Bridgerton (Netflix)

Euphoria (HBO Max)

P-Valley (Starz)

Queen Sugar (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

Outstanding actor in a drama series

Damson Idris – Snowfall (FX)

Jabari Banks – Bel-Air (Peacock)

Kofi Siriboe – Queen Sugar (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

Nicco Annan – P-Valley (Starz)

Sterling K. Brown – This Is Us (NBC)

Outstanding actress in a drama series

Angela Bassett – 9-1-1 (FOX)

Brandee Evans – P-Valley (Starz)

Queen Latifah – The Equalizer (CBS)

Rutina Wesley – Queen Sugar (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

Zendaya – Euphoria (HBO Max)

Outstanding supporting actor in a drama series

Adrian Holmes – Bel-Air (Peacock)

Amin Joseph – Snowfall (FX)

Caleb McLaughlin – Stranger Things (Netflix)

Cliff “Method Man” Smith – Power Book II: Ghost (Starz)

J. Alphonse Nicholson – P-Valley (Starz)

Outstanding supporting actress in a drama series

Adjoa Andoh – Bridgerton (Netflix)

Bianca Lawson – Queen Sugar (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

Loretta Devine – P-Valley (Starz)

Susan Kelechi Watson – This Is Us (NBC)

Tina Lifford – Queen Sugar (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

Outstanding television movie, limited-series or dramatic special

Carl Weber’s The Black Hamptons (BET Networks)

From Scratch (Netflix)

The Best Man: The Final Chapters (Peacock)

The Last Days of Ptolemy Grey (Apple TV+)

Women of the Movement (ABC)

Outstanding actor in a television movie, limited-series or dramatic special

Morris Chestnut – The Best Man: The Final Chapters (Peacock)

Samuel L. Jackson  – The Last Days of Ptolemy Grey (Apple TV+)

Terrence Howard – The Best Man: The Final Chapters (Peacock)

Trevante Rhodes – Mike (Hulu)

Wendell Pierce – Don’t Hang Up (Bounce TV)

Outstanding actress in a television movie, limited-series or dramatic special

Niecy Nash-Betts – Dahmer – Monster: The Jeffrey Dahmer Story (Netflix)

Regina Hall – The Best Man: The Final Chapters (Peacock)

Sanaa Lathan – The Best Man: The Final Chapters (Peacock)

Viola Davis – The First Lady (Showtime)

Zoe Saldaña – From Scratch (Netflix)

Outstanding supporting actor in a television movie, limited-series or dramatic special

Glynn Turman – Women of the Movement (ABC)

Keith David – From Scratch (Netflix)

Omar Benson Miller – The Last Days of Ptolemy Grey (Apple TV+)

Russell Hornsby – Mike (Hulu)

Terrence “TC” Carson – A Wesley Christmas (AMC)

Outstanding supporting actress in a television movie, limited-series or dramatic special

Alexis Floyd –  Inventing Anna (Netflix)

Danielle Deadwyler – From Scratch (Netflix)

Melissa De Sousa – The Best Man: The Final Chapters (Peacock)

Nia Long – The Best Man: The Final Chapters (Peacock)

Phylicia Rashad – Little America (Apple TV+)

Outstanding news/information (series or special)

#RolandMartinUnfiltered: Black Votes Matter Election Night 2022 Coverage (Black Star Network/YouTube)

ABC News 20/20 Michelle Obama: The Light We Carry, A Conversation with Robin Roberts (ABC)

Finding Your Roots with Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (PBS)

OWN Spotlight: Viola Davis – The Woman King (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

The Hair Tales (Hulu)

Outstanding talk series

Hart to Heart (Peacock)

Red Table Talk (Facebook Watch)

Sherri (Syndicated)

Tamron Hall (ABC)

Uninterrupted: The Shop (YouTube)

Outstanding reality program, reality competition or game show (series)

Legendary (HBO Max)

Lizzo’s Watch Out for the Big Grrrls (Amazon Studios)

Shark Tank (ABC)

Sweet Life: Los Angeles (HBO Max)

The Real Housewives of Atlanta (Bravo)

Outstanding variety show (series or special) 

A Black Lady Sketch Show (HBO Max)

BET Awards 2022 (BET Networks)

Deon Cole: Charleen’s Boy (Netflix)

Martin: The Reunion (BET Networks)

The Daily Show with Trevor Noah (Comedy Central)

Outstanding children’s program

Family Reunion (Netflix)

Raising Dion (Netflix)

Raven’s Home (Disney+)

Tab Time (YouTube Originals)

Waffles + Mochi’s Restaurant (Netflix)

Outstanding performance by a youth (series, special, television movie or limited-series)

Alaya “That Girl Lay Lay” High – That Girl Lay Lay (Nickelodeon)

Cameron J. Wright – Family Reunion (Netflix)

Elisha Williams – The Wonder Years (ABC)

Khali Spraggins – The Upshaws (Netflix)

Ja’Siah Young – Raising Dion (Netflix)

Outstanding host in a talk or news/information (series or special) – individual or ensemble

Jada Pinkett-Smith, Adrienne Banfield-Norris, Willow Smith – Red Table Talk (Facebook Watch)

Jennifer Hudson – The Jennifer Hudson Show (Syndicated)

Kevin Hart – Hart to Heart (Peacock)

Lester Holt – NBC Nightly News (NBC)

Tracee Ellis Ross – The Hair Tales (Hulu)

Outstanding host in a reality/reality competition, game show or variety (series or special) – individual or ensemble

Keke Palmer – Password (NBC)

Lizzo – Lizzo’s Watch Out for the Big Grrrls (Amazon Studios)

Tabitha Brown – Tab Time (YouTube Originals)

Taraji P. Henson – BET Awards 2022 (BET Networks)

Trevor Noah – The Daily Show with Trevor Noah (Comedy Central)

Outstanding guest performance

Amanda Gorman – Sesame Street (HBO Max)

Chance the Rapper – South Side (HBO Max)

Colman Domingo – Euphoria (HBO Max)

Glynn Turman – Queen Sugar (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

Gabourey Sidibe – American Horror Stories (FX)

Outstanding Animated Series

Central Park (Apple TV+)

Eureka! (Disney Junior)

Gracie’s Corner TV (YouTube)

The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder (Disney+)

Zootopia+ (Disney+)

Outstanding character voice-over performance (television)

Billy Porter – The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder (Disney+)

Cedric the Entertainer – The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder (Disney+)

Chris Bridges – Karma’s World (Netflix)

Cree Summer – Rugrats (Nickelodeon)

Kyla Pratt – The Proud Family: Louder and Prouder (Disney+)

Outstanding short form series – comedy or drama 

Between The Scenes – The Daily Show (Comedy Central)

Oh Hell No! With Marlon Wayans (Facebook Watch)

Rise Up, Sing Out (Disney+)

Sunday Dinner (Youtube)

Zootopia+ (Disney+)

Outstanding short form series or special – reality/nonfiction

Black Independent Films: A Brief History (Turner Classic Movies)

Daring Simone Biles (Snap)

Historian’s Take (PBS)

NFL 360 (NFL Network)

Omitted: The Black Cowboy (ESPN)

Outstanding breakthrough creative (television)

Amy Wang – From Scratch (Netflix)

Branden Jacobs-Jenkins – Kindred (FX)

Hannah Cope – Karma’s World (Netflix)

Quinta Brunson – Abbott Elementary (ABC)

Syreeta Singleton – Rap Sh!t (HBO Max)


Outstanding documentary (film)

Civil (Netflix)

Descendant (Netflix)

Is That Black Enough For You?!? (Netflix)

Louis Armstrong’s Black & Blues (Apple TV+)

Sidney (Apple TV+)

Outstanding documentary (television)

Black Love (OWN: Oprah Winfrey Network)

Everything’s Gonna be All White (Showtime)

Frontline (PBS)

Race: Bubba Wallace (Netflix)

Shaq (HBO Max)


Outstanding writing in a comedy series

Aisha Muharrar – Hacks – “Episode 206” (HBO Max)

Ayo Edebiri, Shana Gohd – What We do in the Shadows – “Episode 405” (FX)

Brittani Nichols – Abbott Elementary – “Student Transfer” (ABC)

Karen Joseph Adcock – The Bear – “Episode 105” (FX)

Quinta Brunson – Abbott Elementary – “Development Day” (ABC)

Outstanding writing in a drama series

Aurin Squire – The Good Fight – “Episode 603” (Paramount+)

Branden Jacobs-Jenkins – Kindred – “Episode 101” (FX)

Davita Scarlett – The Good Fight – “Episode 604” (Paramount+)

Joshua Allen – From Scratch – “Episode 105” (Netflix)

Marissa Jo Cerar – Women of the Movement – “Episode 101” (ABC)

Outstanding writing in a television movie or special

Bree West – A Wesley Christmas (BET Networks)

Ian Edelman, Maurice Williams – Entergalactic (Netflix)

Jerrod Carmichael – Jerrod Carmichael: Rothaniel (HBO Max)

Lil Rel Howery – Lil Rel Howery: I said it. Y’all Thinking it (HBO Max)

Matt Lopez – Father of the Bride (HBO Max)

Outstanding writing in a motion picture 

Charles Murray – The Devil You Know (Lionsgate)

Dana Stevens, Maria Bello – The Woman King (Sony Pictures Releasing)

Jordan Peele – Nope (Universal Pictures)

Krystin Ver Linden – Alice (Vertical Entertainment)

Ryan Coogler – Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)


Outstanding directing in a comedy series

Angela Barnes – Atlanta – “The Homeliest Little Horse” (FX)

Bridget Stokes – A Black Lady Sketch Show – “Save My Edges, I’m a Donor!” (HBO Max)

Dee Rees – Upload – “Hamoodi” (Amazon Studios)

Iona Morris Jackson – black-ish – “If A Black Man Cries in the Woods” (ABC)

Pete Chatmon – The Flight Attendant – “Drowning Women” (HBO Max)

Outstanding directing in a drama series

Debbie Allen – The Last Days of Ptolemy Grey – “Robyn” (Apple TV+)

Giancarlo Esposito – Better Call Saul – “Axe and Grind” (AMC)

Gina Prince-Bythewood – Women of the Movement – “Mother and Son” (ABC)

Hanelle Culpepper – The Last Days of Ptolemy Grey – “Sensia” (Apple TV+)

Kasi Lemmons – Women of the Movement – “Episode 106” (ABC)

Outstanding directing in a television movie or special

Anton Cropper – Fantasy Football (Paramount+)

Marta Cunningham – 61st Street (AMC)

Sujata Day – Definition Please (Netflix)

Tailiah Breon – Kirk Franklin’s The Night Before Christmas (Lifetime)

Tine Fields – Soul of a Nation: Screen Queens Rising (ABC)

Outstanding directing in a motion picture

Antoine Fuqua – Emancipation (Apple)

Chinonye Chukwu – TILL (United Artists Releasing/Orion Pictures)

Gina Prince-Bythewood – The Woman King (Sony Pictures Releasing)

Kasi Lemmons – I Wanna Dance With Somebody (Sony Pictures Releasing)

Ryan Coogler – Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (Marvel Studios)

Outstanding directing in a documentary (television or motion picture)

Nadia Hallgren – Civil (Netflix)

Reginald Hudlin – Sidney (Apple TV+)

Sacha Jenkins – Everything’s Gonna Be All White (Showtime)

Sacha Jenkins – Louis Armstrong’s Black & Blues (Apple TV+)

W. Kamau Bell – We Need to Talk About Cosby (Showtime)

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Big cannabis industry networking event Jan. 18 to feature Jersey City councilman, state business agency, power players to kick off new year

New Jersey’s most influential cannabis entrepreneurs, local lawmakers and a state business agency will help kick off the year for the cannabis industry at a serious networking session on Jan.18 at Zeppelin Hall in Jersey City.

Jersey City has emerged as one of the state’s budding cannabis capitals, trying to get in as many entrepreneurs as possible. The city’s moves also come on the back of a mayor who many believe is contemplating a gubernatorial run.

In his much-anticipated State of the Sate Address this week, Gov. Phil Murphy mentioned cannabis as an emerging market that will help many.

“We are growing an entirely new and broad-based adult-use cannabis industry — an industry that is making room for women and minority small business owners,” Murphy said.

Jersey City Councilman Yousef Saleh, who has been one of the city’s most outspoken supporters of the industry, will answer questions during Q&A at the networking event, hosted by NJ Cannabis Insider, the state’s premier B2B publication and events group.

Saleh has said the importance of helping the city’s unlicensed cannabis market transition into an opportunity where they could put their skills to use legally.

“We should reach out to people or have intermediaries to show them the process,” he said. “There’s going to be a struggle, but the city needs to put together an effort.”

This year, industry insiders and outsiders alike are wondering what the market is going to look like now that the infrastructure has been set in place.

The state has made some important strides, creating a cannabis technical assistance program and a pilot program from the New Jersey Economic Development Authority..

Cannabis attorney, educator and advocate Jessica Gonzalez, who was recently named by the New Jersey Business Action Center’s Cannabis Technical Assistance Program and Training Academy.

“My hope is we do matriculate a lot of students out of this program who are going to be better equipped to make good decisions on whether they want to enter the cannabis space and what kind of business they want to be in,” she told NJ Advance Media late last month.

The help has been much welcomed in the industry, but important questions of social equity, small business sustainability, capital and real estate are all pieces that continue to define the cannabis business in New Jersey.

Vendors and partners:

  • Insign, a turn-key solution for retail environments, is a family-owned and operated for over 30 years in New Jersey. From Design to fabrication and installation all under one roof, Insign delivers unmatched levels of quality thanks to an experienced and talented design team, as well as a state-of-the-art manufacturing facility.
  • Stender is a family owned, promotional products supplier to the cannabis industry. While Stender is a new company, its parent company SHC Holdings recently celebrated its 50th year in business. Stender’s global sourcing, along with its fun and creative SWAG aims to leave an impression on anyone who receives a branded product.
  • New Jersey CannaBusiness Association, the Garden State’s largest trade group, operating as the state’s cannabis chamber of commerce.
  • New Jersey Business Action Center, which was founded 40 years ago, has helped a range of businesses, from wineries, apparel manufacturers and medical device suppliers. With its new Cannabis Technical Assistance Program, it will now work on helping entrepreneurs in the space.
  • Stockton University, the interdisciplinary minor in Cannabis Studies offers students a foundation for understanding the burgeoning cannabis industry. Stockton recently opened The Cannabis & Hemp Research Institute, which will research hemp cultivation and develop lab testing.
  • Cannabis Insider Jobs, in collaboration with NJ Cannabis Insider, is dedicated to helping individuals find a career in the cannabis industry, leveraging its digital presence through’s parent company Advance Local.

Saleh and Gonzalez will be among the speakers invited to talk, starting at 6 p.m., about the industry’s most pressing issues. Networking and the vendor space will open from 7-10 p.m. Price of admission includes two drinks and happy hour eats. Tickets are $125. The meetup takes place at Zeppelin Hall Beer Garden, 88 Liberty View Drive.

There are a limited number of tickets. For more information or to register for the event, go here.

NJ Cannabis Insider is a weekly subscriber-based online trade journal and events group produced by NJ Advance Media, which also publishes, The Star-Ledger and other affiliated papers. Are you interested in the N.J. cannabis industry? Subscribe here for insider exclusives. Follow us on LinkedIn.

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PBT Works Offers Environmentally Friendly Approach to Cleaning Modern Electronic Assemblies

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PBT Works s.r.o., a leading manufacturer of cleaning technology for electronic assemblies and tooling, is pleased to announce that two of its newest cleaning machines, HyperSWASH and HyperCLEAN, offer excellent efficiency and low impact on the environment. They are similar in both name and appearance and yet, there is a difference between them according to cleaning application.

Both systems represent another approach to batch cleaning than large in-line cleaning machines. In practice, in-line cleaning machines are not fully utilized as well as demanding in terms of energy, water consumption and operator assistance in loading/unloading the assemblies.

The HyperSWASH III is designed for medium and large capacity factories with a highly flexible product range. It can clean very high-density assemblies up to the size of 29” x 29”. Direct spray with double row nozzles enables cleaning under the most challenging packages (large size flip-chip, QFN). The internal nozzle system can be replaced in three minutes with another designed for cleaning PCB baskets or magazines with assemblies. This configuration offers high capacity. An option of the automatic loading/unloading system can eliminate the operator between the assembly line and the cleaning station and following operations.

The HyperCLEAN III boasts a high-volume chamber. The machine is designed to clean boards in baskets or in magazines specially designed for cleaning, but also compatible with the loading/unloading units of the standard assembly lines. The HyperCLEAN can clean up to 5,5 m2 (59,20 sq ft) of assemblies in one process. This capacity roughly corresponds with half an hour up to one hour capacity of an inline system. The typical cleaning time for the HyperCLEAN is 60 to 90 minutes. This short cycle time can be achieved thanks to the new heat-recovery system in the dryer. The HyperCLEAN dryer achieves approximately twice the drying speed of other dryers.

HyperSWASH and HyperCLEAN represent a new platform of cleaning systems. They offer big performance in a minimal footprint. Both cleaners have unique rinsing. It consists of three subsequent rinse steps. The chemical stop with minimal waste-water volume, about 3-4 gallons/cycle. The first rinse and second rinse closed loops with deionized water reprocessing. Such a rinsing cascade enables us to utilize the maximum chemical filter capacity. 

Both machines represent a highly environmentally friendly approach to cleaning modern electronic assemblies.


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Doug Pauls holds a B.A. in chemistry and physics from Carthage College, Kenosha, Wisconsin, and a B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He worked nine years for the Navy, eight years as technical director of Contamination Studies Labs, and 19 years at Rockwell Collins (now Collins Aerospace), in the Advanced Operations Engineering group, where he is a principal materials and process engineer. Doug was awarded the Rockwell Collins Arthur A. Collins Engineer of the Year Award in 2004.

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