Murder charge filed against alleged assassin of former Japanese PM Abe

Murder charge filed against alleged assassin of former Japanese PM Abe

Slain former Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (Photo credit: PTI)

Tetsuya Yamagami was arrested immediately after allegedly shooting Abe with a homemade gun as the former leader was making a campaign speech in July outside a train station in Nara in western Japan.


  • Police have said Yamagami told them that he killed Abefor his apparent links to a religious group that he hated
  • Prosecutors said results of his mental evaluation showed he is fit to stand trial
  • Thousands of people have signed a petition requesting leniency for Yamagami

Tokyo: Japanese prosecutors formally charged the suspect in the assassination of former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe with murder, Japanese media reported on Friday.

Tetsuya Yamagami was arrested immediately after allegedly shooting Abe with a homemade gun as the former leader was making a campaign speech in July outside a train station in Nara in western Japan.

Later that month, Yamagami was sent to an Osaka detention centre for a nearly six-month mental evaluation, which ended on Tuesday. Yamagami is back in police custody in Nara.

Prosecutors said results of his mental evaluation showed he is fit to stand trial. Yamagami was also charged with violating a gun control law.

Police have said Yamagami told them that he killed Abe, one of Japan’s most influential and divisive politicians, because of Abe’s apparent links to a religious group that he hated.

In his statements and in social media postings attributed to him, Yamagami said he developed a grudge because his mother had made massive donations to the Unification Church that bankrupted his family and ruined his life.

Some Japanese have expressed sympathy for Yamagami, especially those who also suffered as children of followers of the South Korea-based Unification Church, which is known for pressuring adherents into making big donations and is considered a cult in Japan.

Thousands of people have signed a petition requesting leniency for Yamagami, and others have sent care packages to his relatives or the detention centre.

The investigation into the case has led to revelations of years of cozy ties between Abe’s governing Liberal Democratic Party and the church since Abe’s grandfather, former Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi, helped the church take root in Japan in the 1960s over shared interests in conservative and anti-communist causes.

Current Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s popularity has plunged over his handling of the church controversy and for insisting on holding a rare, controversial state funeral for Abe.

(With inputs from AP)

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Gap Band Heirs Allege BMG ‘Refusing’ To Pay ‘Uptown Funk’ Royalties – Rolling Stone

Publishing giant BMG has “failed and refused” to pay “Uptown Funk” royalties to the heirs of Gap Band members Robert and Ronnie Wilson after the brothers were credited as co-songwriters of the Mark Ronson and Bruno Mars mega-hit in a 2015 agreement, a new lawsuit filed in federal court in Manhattan claims.

The complaint filed Thursday by Ronnie’s widow Linda Wilson and Robert’s daughters Robin and LaTina Wilson, among other heirs, alleges BMG has either “retained all funds due to plaintiffs for its own benefit and enjoyment” or “wrongfully diverted” the money elsewhere.

BMG did not immediately respond to a request for comment sent Thursday night. Third brother and former Gap Band lead vocalist Charlie Wilson is not a party to the new lawsuit.

Robert and Ronnie Wilson were among the five songwriters behind the 1979 Gap Band song “Oops Upside Your Head” that was later determined to be a basis for 2014’s “Uptown Funk.” The brothers were each assigned 3.4% of the copyright and music publishing rights to “Uptown Funk” under the 2015 deal that was reportedly brokered to avert a lawsuit and trial in the wake of the notorious “Blurred Lines” $7.4 million jury verdict.

According to the new complaint filed Thursday, Ronnie Wilson and his brother Robert assigned their
music publishing rights for “Oops Upside Your Head” to a third party in 1978 but then terminated the grants of copyright in September 2016. The company that held the rights prior to termination was acquired by BMG in 2015. (Ronnie later died in November 2021.) After the terminations, the brothers’ two separate 3.4% shares of “Uptown Funk” are now owned entirely by their heirs, the lawsuit alleges.

The complaint claims BMG has “has failed and refused to pay plaintiffs or account to them for royalties they are obligated to pay plaintiffs pursuant to a written contract as co-writers of ‘Uptown Funk.’”

“Despite its obligations to account for and pay to plaintiffs their share of all income received from the ‘Uptown Funk’ musical composition, BMG has refused and failed to provide either the funds due to plaintiffs or an accounting, despite plaintiffs’ repeated demands therefor,” the lawsuit alleges.


The filing claims BMG also has refused to provide “sufficient documentation for plaintiffs to calculate the sum due them.” The lawsuit asks the court to order an accounting of money received by defendants pursuant to the 2015 settlement so the heirs can determine their alleged damages. It also seeks a trial to determine compensatory damages for the alleged breach of contract and wants the court to order defendants to pay that amount along with interest, costs and attorney’s fees.

“Uptown Funk,” the subject of multiple copyright controversies, was an international sensation, ruling the Billboard Hot 100 for 14 weeks.

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AG Platkin Launches Office to Combat Securities and Financial Crimes to Preserve the Fairness and Integrity of our Financial Systems and to Protect Vulnerable Victims Across the State of New Jersey – Music Industry Today

AG Platkin Launches Office to Combat Securities and Financial Crimes to Preserve the Fairness and Integrity of our Financial Systems and to Protect Vulnerable Victims Across the State of New Jersey – Music Industry Today – EIN Presswire

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Progressive Contest for South District Council Seat Ends in Tie | News | Seven Days

click to enlarge
FaRied Munarsyah (left) and Will Anderson - COURTESY PHOTOS

  • Courtesy photos
  • FaRied Munarsyah (left) and Will Anderson

It will be a few days yet before Burlington Progressives have a slate of city council candidates for the March ballot, as one of the contests ended in a tie.

FaRied Munarsyah and Will Anderson each earned five votes to represent the South District, party officials announced Thursday evening. The party’s steering committee will meet this weekend to determine how to crown a winner.

In the night’s two other contested races, voters picked Jake Schumann to represent the East District with 35 votes over competitor Adam Franz, who earned 14. In Ward 8, Rhone Allison got 11 votes to Romeo von Hermann’s two.

And police commissioner Melo Grant won her uncontested bid for the Central District. She’s running to replace incumbent Progressive Councilor Perri Freeman, who isn’t seeking reelection.

The Progs aren’t running a candidate in the North District, where incumbent Councilor Mark Barlow, an independent, is seeking reelection with Democratic support. So far, he’s unopposed.

The Progs’ hybrid caucus kicked off Tuesday when candidates introduced themselves and took questions from voters. Voting was open from Tuesday through Thursday evening.

The South District candidates made similar pitches to voters, though only one — Anderson — committed to running as a Progressive. Munarsyah, who made an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic nomination last month, said he’d run as an independent.

Both candidates focused on housing. Munarsyah, who organizes with the mutual aid group the People’s Kitchen, said he’s “willing to put everything on the table” to solve the city’s housing crisis, including rezoning to increase residential development and repurposing unused buildings as housing units.

Anderson, who works as an analyst for the Vermont Department of Finance & Management, said he’d push for rent stabilization and to subsidize taxpayers on fixed incomes by taxing owners of multifamily properties at a higher rate. He also supports Burlington’s recent attempt to ban no-cause evictions, a charter change voters approved but that was vetoed by Gov. Phil Scott last year.

One South End voter was more interested in what she called the elephant in the room: incumbent Councilor Joan Shannon, a Democrat who has handily fended off past challengers and is again seeking reelection. The voter asked how the candidates would defeat her.

Anderson said he’d focus on promoting policies that voters “just can’t turn down,” including reforms to increase residential density and to make the police department “better — not racist, not brutal.”

“And I’m going to present that in a way that’s better than Joan Shannon’s very tepid platform,” Anderson said.

Munarsyah, meanwhile, said his priority is passing “Proposition Zero” on the March ballot. If approved, the measure would allow residents who collect enough signatures on a petition to place ordinance changes and advisory items directly on the ballot; the current process requires city council and mayoral sign-off.

“As far as Joan Shannon, hopefully [passing Prop Zero] will provide a counter-check and provide some balance to the decisions that she’s part of,” Munarsyah said.

The candidates also both want to hold the University of Vermont accountable for its growing student population, which crowds the city’s rental market and drives up costs.

click to enlarge
L to R: Melo Grant, Jake Schumann, Rhone Allison - COURTESY PHOTOS

  • Courtesy photos
  • L to R: Melo Grant, Jake Schumann, Rhone Allison

That’s also a cornerstone of Allison’s campaign. A third-year UVM student, Allison wants the university to contribute more money to the city’s Housing Trust Fund in lieu of paying property taxes. The fund helps support affordable housing projects in the city.

Allison also wants to ban short-term rentals in Burlington, decriminalize drugs and improve civilian oversight of the police. The candidate previously canvassed for former Ward 8 councilor Ali House, who resigned in October, and newly-elected Vermont Sen. Tanya Vyhovsky (P/D-Chittenden-Central District).

Von Hermann, who lost to Allison, moved to the U.S. from Somalia and works for Green Mountain Transit. He told voters he would promote diversity “at every level of governance” and work on solutions to homelessness, substance abuse and climate change.

Allison was running a joint campaign with Franz, who lost in the East District. Both candidates were endorsed by the Champlain Valley Democratic Socialists of America.

Schumann, who defeated Franz, is already a familiar face to East District voters. The candidate made an unsuccessful bid for the East District in a special election last month, which was called after former Prog councilor Jack Hanson resigned. Schumann, who ran as an independent in that contest, is running as a Prog this go-round.

Voters can expect hard-fought races this election season. Progressives need one more seat on the 12-person council to total five  — the same number as council Democrats. The council also has two independents: Barlow and Councilor Ali Dieng (I-Ward 7).

Schumann will face incumbent Councilor Maea Brandt, a Democrat, in the March ballot. Ward 8 is a contest between Allison and Hannah King, a fellow Dem. The Central District will go to either Grant or Avery Muzikar, a Democrat-endorsed independent. Shannon, the Dem incumbent, will face off against the winner of the Munarsyah-Anderson race.

Other hopefuls could still join the race. Independents have until January 30 to file petitions to get on the ballot.

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Kevin Demoff says Rams are prepared for Sean McVay departure

No hurry. Take all the time you need.

That is the message the Rams front office has sent coach Sean McVay as he ponders whether to step away or return for a seventh season.

“We’ve known for some time that he was going to wait until after the season to make a decision about whether he wants to coach in 2023,” Kevin Demoff, the Rams’ chief operating officer, said during an interview Thursday. “We’ve always told Sean we’d give him that space to make that decision and we’ll support him in whatever direction he goes.”

Demoff made his comments before former Rams lineman Andrew Whitworth’s ribbon-cutting for a multipurpose field at the Boys & Girls Clubs of Metro Los Angeles—Challengers Clubhouse in South Los Angeles. Whitworth refurbished the facility with the $250,000 grant he received for winning the NFL Walter Payton Man of the Year award last season.

The defending Super Bowl champion Rams finished 5-12 this season, the worst year-after performance by a Super Bowl winner in NFL history.

McVay, who last spring received an extension that makes him one of the league’s highest-paid coaches, said Monday he would take time to decide whether to return.

Demoff said there was no timeline for McVay’s decision.

“We view it however he sees it,” Demoff said. “There’s no deadline or answers we’re seeking aside from making sure we want the best for him.”

If McVay steps away, the Rams have “contingency plans in a situation like this that will be ready to be enacted,” Demoff said.

Demoff declined to specify those plans.

Defensive coordinator Raheem Morris and associate head coach Thomas Brown would almost certainly be internal candidates to replace McVay if he does not coach in 2023. Both Morris and Brown, however, will interview with other teams next week.

Whitworth, who retired after the Rams victory in Super Bowl LVI, said for the Rams this season, “it’s almost like you put the last four years together of moments that went your way — and all of them went the other way this year.”

Whitworth has spoken to McVay, and he supports taking whatever time is necessary to reflect.

Former Rams lineman Andrew Whitworth at new field his NFL grant paid for in South Los Angeles.

Former Rams lineman Andrew Whitworth, the NFL Walter Payton Man of the Year last season, donated his $250,000 grant to the Boys & Girls Clubs of Metro Los Angeles—Challengers Clubhouse to install a new field and other accoutrements in South Los Angeles.

(Gary Klein / Los Angeles Times)

“It’s going to take time to step away and go, ‘What’s real and what’s not?’ ” Whitworth said. “And how do you really feel. What do you really want out of life, out of coaching and want out of your career moving forward.

“He’ll take some time and do that, and I think that’s really important for his development as a coach, as a man.”

Whitworth then cut the ribbon and oversaw activities as about 100 children broke in the new field, which features a large Rams logo in the center and other circles around “77” the jersey number Whitworth wore during his 16-year NFL career.

Whitworth decided to fund the project, which includes new bleachers and shade structures, after speaking with Molly Higgins, the Rams’ executive vice president of community impact and engagement.

“He said, ‘Molly you know me. Let’s come up with another big idea,’ ” Higgins said, “and so I said, ‘I got just the idea for you.’ ”

Kim Washington, vice president of development for the Boys & Girls Clubs of Metro Los Angeles, said that during the COVID-19 pandemic, many kids lost the opportunity to participate in sports because of restrictions and the cost of playing in outside leagues.

The refurbished field will enable the club to once again offer sports programs that attract kids and their families, and serve as a gateway to tutoring and other services, she said.

Whitworth said his many charitable ventures are aimed to help the community and to serve as an example for his children and others to offer help when needed.

“I hope that not only do kids benefit from this, and great things come from it,” he said, surveying the field, “but that they recognize what it is, and want to make other people benefit from whatever it is they’re able to do.

“So, to me, that is really the legacy.”

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While coming into his own, Konecny boosting Flyers beyond where they’ve been

PHILADELPHIA — John Tortorella came to the Flyers with an open mouth and mind to match, accepting that he would coach a team with a talent deficit, hopeful he was wrong.

Two or three shifts into training camp, one player caught his attention – a confident if error-prone talent, a forward with soft hands and a strong will, a competitor, a potential star.

He saw Travis Konecny.

“I really didn’t have many thoughts on anybody,” Tortorella was saying the other night, after the Flyers had won for the sixth time in seven games. “But you could see it right away. I saw the type of shape he was in at camp.”

Tortorella had been around the NHL long before Konecny began his career in 2016. But it’s his coaching philosophy to work on his own team, not to over-analyze his opponents. So while he might have had a hint that No. 11 on the Flyers played bigger and better than his 5-foot-7 dimensions, Tortorella really didn’t have an idea that the 25-year-old forward was about to blossom into a potential 40-plus goal scorer. But when Konecny dropped a hat trick Wednesday – including a helpful empty-net goal late in a 5-3 victory over Washington – there he was with 24 goals and 40 games to play. And that meant that the Flyers, who just weeks ago were careening toward a massive trade-deadline sell-off, had an untouchable property after all.

Though Konecny was not chosen as an All-Star, he has not only played to that level but has been growing as a fan-favorite and, most importantly, an embodiment of an organizational talent pipeline that for too long has been clogged. The 24th overall pick in the 2015 draft had been an above-average early-career factor; four times scoring 24 goals, but also an inconsistent risk-taker. The kind of player, it seemed, who was equally able to tease and lose.

Yet that’s what young players do: They learn. And while it too seldom goes to plan, eventually – around this point in Konecny’s career, actually – they might begin to show their full value. Not that Konecny has shown versatility or anything, but he caused the ice to be flooded with headwear Wednesday with an even-strength, a short-handed and a power-play goal. If the game had gone to a shootout, he probably would have scored one of those, too.

“I just think he’s playing,” Tortorella said. “He’s a reactionary type player. I’ve only seen him play from afar before this year. He just plays. The puck finds him. He plays in the areas. Everything about his game is effort.

“I think he’s getting rewarded.”

To a point, that’s hockey physics: Play hard and be rewarded with nearby pucks, shoot accurately and be rewarded with goals, score goals and win, win and earn praise. But Konecny’s surge in his seventh NHL season is from more than a willingness to run into people and boards. For that will often be him, on the Voorhees ice when it is not required, working with and studying the hockey stylings of assistant general manager and former Flyers legend Danny Briere. While not an exact professional replica of Konecny in style, Briere was a two-time All-Star and every-time big-goal scorer at 5-foot-9. And Konecny has been smart to soak in any possible advice, trick or anecdote from a career 696-point producer.

“That started last year and into this year,” Konecny said. “We talk about when I get rid of the puck. Instead of taking shots on the outside, maybe making plays and not wasting a shot.

“There is more detail, but too long to talk about.”

The details, apparently, are complicated. OK. But the Briere-Konecny connection has deeper meaning, for it had been important to Tortorella from the start to keep his players proud of the Flyers’ logo and history, and Briere was a playing tribute to both. And however it happened – perhaps it was Briere’s hockey sophistication, or it could have been Tortorella’s eternal demads – the Flyers suddenly have something they have needed since they traded Claude Giroux, or maybe since Sean Couturier reported an ouchy back: A popular, homegrown, forward-line, star-level talent.

“I think what he’s done here is put the time in,” Tortorella said. “In talking to Danny, they sat down quite a bit as far as playing on the inside. He was on the outside a lot and his stats weren’t there where he wanted them to be.

“I think Danny as an ex-player helped him and showed him some stuff. The most important thing: He puts his uniform on and has got to run with it. I think he’s done a really good job.”

The Flyers have won six of their last seven, and in eight of the last 10 Konecny has furnished multiple points. The connection is clear: He is at the point where he can make a team better than it seemed.

It was all John Tortorella hoped, back when he was bracing for one thing but hoping to find another.

Contact Jack McCaffery at jmccaffery@delcotimes.com

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Former Philadelphia Phillies outfielder has died: reports

Former Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Lee Tinsley died Thursday, according to multiple reports.

He was 53.

No cause of death has been given.

Tinlsey entered the Major Leagues in 1993 with the Seattle Mariners, and had two stints with the team wrapped around two stops with the Boston Red Sox and a stay with the Phillies in 1996.

He hit .284 with seven homers and 41 RBIs for the Red Sox in 1994, and was traded to Philadelphia along with Glenn Murray and Ken Ryan in 1996 in exchange for Heathcliff Slocumb and a couple of minor leaguers.

Tinsley hit .241 with 13 homers, 79 RBIs and 41 stolen bases across his career which ended in 1997 after his second stop with Seattle.

After his playing days were done, Tinsley went into coaching and had stints with the Arizona Diamondbacks, Los Angeles Angels, Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds and the Mariners.

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UN Calls For Probe Of Killing Of Two Environmentalists In Honduras

“TEGUCIGALPA — A U.N. special rapporteur on human rights defenders on Wednesday called for an independent investigation into the killing of two environmental activists in Honduras, who had opposed an illegal mine polluting water supplies in a national reserve.

Aly Dominguez, 38, and Jairo Bonilla, 28, environmental activists from the village of Guapinol in Honduras’ eastern Colon department, were shot dead on Saturday by unidentified gunmen. Local police attributed the deaths to a robbery.

“It’s vital that an independent investigation is carried out into the killing of the two defenders in Guapinol,” U.S. special rapporteur Mary Lawlor said in a tweet, adding that the investigation must consider the attack could be a retaliation for their work.”

Gustavo Palencia and Sarah Morland report for Reuters January 11, 2023.

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Illinois Just Banned ‘Assault Weapons’ Because Their ‘Only Intent’ Is Mass Murder

This week Illinois became the ninth state to ban “assault weapons.” What are those? Gov. J.B. Pritzker’s triumphant press release about the new law does not say, because the explanation would reveal the futility of trying to reduce gun violence through arbitrary restrictions that leave mass murderers and other criminals with plenty of equally lethal alternatives.

In Pritzker’s press release, Illinois House Speaker Chris Welch (D–Westchester) describes the guns targeted by H.B. 5471, a.k.a. the Protect Illinois Communities Act, as “weapons of war.” That phrase suggests Welch is talking about selective-fire rifles like those carried by U.S. soldiers, which can fire automatically.

That is clearly not true. Such rifles are strictly regulated under federal law, which has forbidden sales of newly manufactured machine guns to civilians since 1986. H.B. 5471 does not deal with machine guns; it deals with semi-automatic firearms, which fire one round per trigger pull.

“This new law begins the pushback against weapons whose only intent is to eviscerate other human beings,” says Illinois Senate President Don Harmon (D–Oak Park). That claim is harder to check, because it is not clear what Harmon means.

Harmon’s attribution of “intent” to inanimate objects implies that certain kinds of guns are inherently malevolent. According to this view, the firearms that Illinois has banned are not tools that can be used for good or ill but forces of evil that must be eradicated.

Based on the references to mass shootings that surround Harmon’s statement, we can infer that he means “assault weapons” are suitable only for killing innocent people. But that also is clearly not true, since Americans own some 20 million rifles that fall into that legislatively defined category, and only a tiny percentage of them are ever used in homicides.

Handguns account for a large majority of firearms used in mass shootings, and they account for an even larger share of weapons used in all gun homicides: more than 90 percent in cases where the type of firearm was specified, according to the FBI’s numbers. Rifles of any sort, only a subset of which would qualify as “assault weapons,” were used in less than 3 percent of those cases.

In a 2021 survey, 30 percent of gun owners said they had bought rifles that are covered by the Illinois ban. Two-thirds of those “assault weapon” owners said they used them for recreational target shooting, while half mentioned hunting and a third mentioned competitive shooting. Sixty-two percent said they used the rifles for home defense, and 35 percent cited defense outside the home.

Even as Illinois legislators insist that “assault weapons” are good for nothing but mass murder, they acknowledge that the guns they damn have legitimate uses. H.B. 5471 allows current owners of these allegedly intolerable firearms to keep them, provided they register the guns with the state police.

Since unauthorized possession of an “assault weapon” is a Class A misdemeanor, punishable by up to 364 days in jail and a $2,500 fine, Illinois gun owners might want to find out if that registration requirement applies to them. They would be ill-advised to assume it does not simply because they do not own “weapons of war” or because they do not think their firearms harbor a homicidal “intent.” Instead they must consult the legal definition of “assault weapon,” which does not hinge on either of those fanciful factors.

H.B. 5471 emulates the approach embodied in the federal “assault weapon” ban that the House of Representatives approved last July. It applies to a long list of specific models, along with firearms that meet certain criteria. A semi-automatic rifle qualifies as an “assault weapon,” for example, if it accepts detachable magazines and has any of six features:

1) “a pistol grip or thumbhole stock”;

2) “any feature capable of functioning as a protruding grip that can be held by the non-trigger hand”;

3) “a folding, telescoping, thumbhole, or detachable stock, or a stock that is otherwise foldable or adjustable in a manner that operates to reduce the length, size, or any other dimension, or otherwise enhances the concealability of, the weapon”;

4) “a flash suppressor”;

5) “a grenade launcher”; or

6) “a shroud attached to the barrel or that partially or completely encircles the barrel, allowing the bearer to hold the firearm with the non-trigger hand without being burned, but excluding a slide that encloses the barrel.”

Since federal law prohibits civilian possession of military grenades, the practical impact of banning that fifth feature seems doubtful. Likewise with the other prohibited features, which may be useful in certain contexts but are by no means essential for mass murder. With or without a pistol grip, protruding grip, folding or adjustable stock, flash suppressor, or barrel shroud, a rifle fires the same ammunition at the same rate with the same muzzle velocity.

Removing those features makes little practical difference for someone bent on murder, although it may incommode law-abiding gun owners who, say, value the convenience of a folding stock, the versatility of an adjustable stock for shooters of different sizes, or the usefulness of flash suppressors in some hunting situations. Most mass murderers do not use guns with these features, and those who do surely could find suitable alternatives even if the government managed to eliminate “assault weapons,” which H.B. 5471 does not purport to do.

By enacting “the strongest assault weapons ban in the nation,” state Rep. La Shawn K. Ford (D–Chicago) says, Illinois is “sending the message that lives are valued over guns.” Sending that message evidently was more important than crafting legislation that could reasonably be expected to improve public safety.

H.B. 5471 also imposes limits on magazine capacity: 10 rounds for rifles and 15 rounds for handguns. The rationale for those limits is that mass shooters who need to switch magazines more often will end up killing fewer people. That assumption is more plausible than the expectation that prohibiting features such as pistol grips, folding stocks, and barrel shrouds will have a meaningful impact on mass shootings. But “large capacity ammunition feeding device[s],” like “assault weapons,” are very popular with law-abiding gun owners, who seem to think they are useful for noncriminal purposes.

In the 2021 survey of gun owners, about half of the respondents said they had owned magazines that can hold more than 10 rounds, which come standard with many of the biggest-selling rifles and pistols. Like the “assault weapon” owners, they cited a variety of lawful uses. Recreational target shooting (64 percent) was the most common, followed by home defense (62 percent), hunting (47 percent), defense outside the home (42 percent), and competitive shooting (27 percent).

If the need to switch magazines can make an important difference during a mass shooting, it also can make an important difference in self-defense situations, especially since people may face multiple attackers and most rounds fired in self-defense, even by trained police officers, miss the target. The authors of H.B. 5471 implicitly acknowledged that reality in two ways: They exempted police officers, and they set a higher limit for handguns, which the Supreme Court has called “the quintessential self-defense weapon.”

Speaking of the Supreme Court, how is H.B. 5471 likely to fare against the inevitable constitutional challenges? In the 2008 case District of Columbia v. Heller, the Court said the Second Amendment covers arms “in common use” for “lawful purposes,” a description that plainly applies to the guns and magazines that Illinois has banned. Last year in New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen, the justices said gun control laws must be “consistent with this Nation’s historical tradition of firearm regulation.”

After Bruen, the Court vacated four appeals court decisions upholding state bans on “assault weapons” and “large capacity” magazines. It instructed the lower courts to reconsider those cases in light of Bruen. The Firearms Policy Coalition and other gun rights groups argue that “assault weapon” bans and magazine limits clearly fail the Bruen test.

Last July, U.S. District Judge Raymond P. Moore issued a temporary restraining order against a Superior, Colorado, “assault weapon” ban. He noted evidence that the firearms covered by Superior’s law “are commonly used by law-abiding citizens for lawful purposes,” which means “the right to possess, sell, or transfer” those guns is “presumptively protected.”

Moore said the burden is therefore on the city to show that its ban is “consistent with the Nation’s historical tradition of firearm regulation.” He suggested that will be a formidable challenge: “The Court is unaware of historical precedent that would permit a governmental entity to entirely ban a type of weapon that is commonly used by law-abiding citizens for lawful purposes, whether in an individual’s home or in public.”

In Oregon, where voters approved a 10-round magazine limit in November, a federal judge was unimpressed by the Second Amendment argument against that law. But in December, a state judge granted a temporary restraining order based on the Oregon Constitution’s guarantee that “the people shall have the right to bear arms for the defence of themselves.” The Oregon Supreme Court declined to impose a stay on that order.

Dan Eldridge, a Des Plaines gun dealer who is president of Federal Firearms Licensees of Illinois, seems confident that H.B. 5471 will be defeated in the courts. He told CBS News he plans to keep newly prohibited magazines that came with guns his customers have recently purchased. He predicted that a court will enjoin the law “fairly quickly,” at which point “we’ll contact customers and let them collect the rest of their property.”

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